2° Geography Theme 1 – Managing Resources

Introduction to the global situation:

There’s nothing more essential to life on Earth than water. Yet, from Cape Town to Flint, Michigan, and from rural, sub-Saharan Africa to Asia’s teeming megacities, there’s a global water crisis. People are struggling to access the quantity and quality of water they need for drinking, cooking, bathing, handwashing, and growing their food.

Globally, 844 million people lack access to clean water. Without clean, easily accessible water, families and communities are locked in poverty for generations. Children drop out of school and parents struggle to make a living.

Overview of Water Resources (short video):


DNL Vocabulary

Water scarcity:

This is the lack of fresh water resources to meet the standard water demand. Water scarcity can also be caused by droughts, lack of rainfall, or pollution. This was listed in 2019 by the World Economic Forum as one of the largest global risks in terms of potential impact over the next decade

Link to map showing water scarcity:


Water stress:

This occurs when the demand for water exceeds the available amount during a certain period or when poor quality restricts its use. Water stress causes deterioration of fresh water resources in terms of quantity (aquifer over-exploitation, dry rivers, etc.)

Link to Map to show water stress across the globe:


Water scarcity video:


Managing Water Resources

Water insecurity managing supplies

BBC NEWS ARTICLE about Ethiopia’s Grand Renaissance Dam:


ALJAZEERA ARTICLE about talks between Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia:





Questions on The Tempest, Act I and Act II


1) Why is it significant that the play begins with a storm at sea?

2) Why does Miranda have such immediate empathy for the men in the ship? Since she’s lived on a deserted island all her life, how did she learn pity and mercy?

3) Think about how you might tell someone the story of your past. How would you characterize yourself? How does Prospero characterize himself? Does he take any responsibility for what happened to him? Should he?

4) What crime did Antonio commit? What motivated him? How should he be punished?

5) What do you imagine the spirit Ariel looks like?

6) What do you imagine the witch Sycorax looks like?

7) What do you imagine Caliban looks like?

8) What connection does Shakespeare make between outward appearance and inner spirit? Do you think it’s true? Why or why not?

9) What is your reaction to Prospero’s treatment of Caliban? Does Caliban have a right to be angry at Prospero? Should he rule the island?

10) What reason does Prospero give for enslaving Caliban? Do you think Prospero is right in his actions?

11) During Ferdinand & Miranda’s first encounter he says: “O, if a virgin, And your affection not gone forth, I’ll make you Queen of Naples. What is he saying? Why does her virtue matter?


1) What type of person is Gonzalo? What was his role in the plot against Prospero? Does his behavior seem consistent with how he acts now?

2) Sebastian and Antonio ridicule Gonzalo. What does this tell us about their characters?

3) Antonio incites Sebastian to kill his brother Antonio and take the crown of Naples. What does this tell us about Antonio’s nature and motives? How does Sebastian respond? What does it tell us about him?

4) Why do you think Caliban willingly worships Stephano? Why is he willing to give Stephano control of the island?

OIB Essay Practice No°3

A) Regardless of whether a mother is present or absent in his child’s life, she has an impact and influence. Discuss how the influence of mothers is depicted in two of the OIB works you have studied.

B) Transgression, or the violation of laws or social conventions, often plays an important role in literature. How do two authors on the OIB syllabus show an interest in transgressing rules, whether it be on a. thematic or stylistic level?

C) Examine the means employed by two OIB writers to ensure that the reader / audience is able to sympathize with even the most unappealing characters.

D) “Hell is other people.” (Sartre)  How do two texts you have read as part of your OIB
program deal with the breakdown in relationships between people?

Geography Theme 1: Case study of Mumbai


The megacity Mumbai is located in the state of Maharashtra in India on the west coast of India with an extended metropolitan population of aroud of 20.4 million inhabitants. It used to be known as Bombay until its name was officially changed in 1995.

It accounts for 1/3 of India’s tax revenue and is experiencing massive urbanisation due the growth of its economy in manufacturing. An increase in tertiary sector jobs such as IT and financial services means it has become a major centre for out-sourced work. It also has one of the largest film industries in the world located there, ‘Bollywood’. Despite this 42% of its population live in slums.

Resources for this case study:

Map to show location and expansion of the city:

Growth of Mumbai

Short video overview of slums in Mumbai:


An excellent website including maps and video about this settlement:


Case study map and exercise:

Mumbai Case Study of a LEDC Megalopolis





Geography Theme 1: Seas and Oceans at the heart of globalization

Welcome to Geography Theme 1.

This theme is focused on seas and oceans.

Start your learning with this introductory PPT:

T° Geog Theme 1

and the accompanying worksheet:

Geography Theme 1 PPT worksheet

Useful video resources include:

1) For ship routes

2) A link to a site with a maritime shipping map:

Main Maritime Shipping Routes

3) Video about shipping containers:

4. Holiday Homework Documents:

Geography Theme 1 PPT worksheet

Seas and Oceans AMQ Exercise

Don’t forget to check out the OIB METHODOLOGY section of the blog for help with AMQs.

5. Seas and Oceans as areas of tension: Video about the South China Sea:

6. The Ocean Economy Critical Reflection Exercise:

The Ocean Economy in 2030 worksheet


Chapter 2: Comparing France and the USA in terms of Martime Power

This is the key booklet for this comparative study of French and US maritime power:

France and US Comparison of Maritime Powers

Here is the introductory / overview Powerpoint used in the lessons to prepare you for the extended assignment:

Chp2 Martimes Powers Comparison

This is the base map used for French maritime power:

What is the extent of French Maritime Power

A recent NOAA report on the importance of the maritime economy to the USA:

NOAA 2020 econ-report

French Maritime Security report for 2015:


A very useful site explaining the power of the US Navy and how it is projected around the globe: