Geography: Production Spaces – case studies

Globalization has meant that there is an international division of labour. The fabrication of many products is divided into several steps (from design to assembly) spread out over the world according to the advantages offered by each country.
Decision making functions are concentrated in the most developed countries. For example, the USA dominates research and development (R&D) and accounts for 1/3 of global spending in this domain.
Processes requiring low levels of skill are dispersed throughout the developing world. Companies locate the manufacturing process in whichever economy offers the lowest costs (e.g. often countries in South-East Asia such as China).
Globalisation is dominated by flows of merchandise across countries, continents and oceans and by HUGE companies known as TNCS – Trans National Corporations.

Actors and Production Spaces 1°euro

Silicon Valley Case Study:

Silicon Valley is a region in Northern California that serves as a global center for high technology and innovation. Located in the southern part of the San Francisco Bay Area, it corresponds roughly to the geographical Santa Clara Valley.
Silicon Valley Resources:

Silicon Valley Presentation

Singapore Case Study

Singapore is another global centre for high-tech industry. It is the smallest country in South-East Asia and is located on one of the world’s busiest maritime routes. It is also a major financial centre and production space which is fully integrated into the regional and wider world economy.

Geography: Living in Cities

Today more than half of the world’s population live in a city.

Video introduction:

  1. World’s largest cities:

2) What is urban sprawl?


3) Location of Nairobi, Kenya:,+Nairobi,+Kenya/@-1.315952,36.6567893,13z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x182f1’c809869d64b:0x199b5604a77f13f5!8m2!3d-1.316866!4d36.6903289

4) Facts about the largest shanty town in Nairobi: Kibera (from

There are approximatly 2.5 million slum dwellers in about 200 settlements in Nairobi representing 60% of the Nairobi population and occupying just 6% of the land. Kibera houses about 250,000 of these people. Kibera is the biggest slum in Africa and one of the biggest in the world.

The average size of shack in this area is 12ft x 12ft built with mud walls, a corrugated tin roof with a dirt or concrete floor. The cost is about KES 700 per Month (£6). These shacks often house up to 8 or more with many sleeping on the floor.

Only about 20% of Kibera has electricity.

Until recently Kibera had no water and it had to be collected from the Nairobi dam. The dam water is not clean and causes typhoid and cholera. Now there are two mains water pipes into Kibera, one from the municipal council and one from the World Bank

In most of Kibera there are no toilet facilities. One latrine (hole in the ground) is shared by up to 50 shacks.

Kibera is near the industrial area of Nairobi where up to 50% of the available workforce are employed (usually in fairly unskilled jobs). However, there is still an unemployment rate of 50%


5) Life in a shanty town, Nairobi:







What is a shanty town? (example from Mumbai)









History: Chapter 3 – WW2

This chapter examines the defeat of France, and the paths of Collaboration and Resistance that confronted the country during the early 1940s. It also covers the extent and violence of WWII, including the brutality of the war on the Eastern front in order to come to some understanding of the crimes against humanity committed during the Holocaust. An additional component is on the impact of war on the US ‘homefront’, with particular attention to the role of women in defence industries, for example, and the internment of Japanese-Americans on the West Coast. The role of the two atomic bombs in ending the war in the Pacific theatre of conflict, and the circumstance of the end of the war in Europe form important links to the emergence of the Cold War tensions after the war.

WW2 Overview PPT:

Hist Theme 1 Chp3

Article on the decision to use the Atomic Bomb:

Mod Hist Review Atom Bomb

Documents on the French Homefront:

Life in occupied France during the second world war

Summary of the US Homefront:

WWII Home Front

Chapter 3: individual work through end of half-term and holidays:

T°OIB Hist 3 WW2 Worka



History Theme 2: France and the US – politics and society

History theme 2 examines France and US society between 1848 and 1871.

Part One begins with a survey chapter of the short lived Second Republic which became the Second Empire (with an authoritarian and liberal phase), ending with the fall of Louis-Napoleon and the crisis of 1870 to 71 in France.

Part Two, the following chapter, focuses on the USA and the crisis of the republic with the onset of the American Civil War.

The theme concludes with Part Three which examines the economic and social transformations in France and  the USA between 1800 and 1870.

Part One: France


Overview: France, 1850-1914

The Second Republic

Louis Napoleon ends the Second Republic

The Liberal Empire, 1859-70

Article and exercises on the end of the Second Empire:

Fall of Nap III


Part Two: The USA

Textbook chapters:

American Rep chap6

The war and Reconstruction:

American Rep chap7

Key documents:

Emancipation Proclamation

Gettysburg Address

PowerPoint Resources:

The Civil War:

US Causes of Civil War




Part Three: France and USA Economic and Social Transformations

FR Indust Map and Haussmann


Hist Chp 5 PPT Overview

Hist Chp 5 PPT US

Key documents:

Lowell System

TransContinental Railroad









General Question Thesis Statement workshopping

To what extent does James make Dr Sloper a frightening character?

Thesis statements proposed by groups in class (we marked in bold which elements we thought were the strongest in the thesis statement):


In Henry James’ novel Washington Square, James makes Dr Sloper a frightening character through his rude treatment of Morris, his systematic rejection of Catherine’s demands, and his sexist attitude.


James makes Dr Sloper a very frightening character through his relationship with Catherine, his sexist point of view, and his wickedness towards Morris.


In Henry James’ novel Washington Square, James uses interior monologue, thought vs dialogue, and             to make Dr Sloper a cold-hearted, stubborn and pessimistic character.


James makes Dr Sloper a slightly frightening character through the way he talks to Catherine, how he wants to control her, and the way he has satisfaction in her suffering.

James makes Dr Sloper a cruel and authoritative character through his brutal and vicious thoughts, his cold-hearted reactions to Catherine’s struggle, and his hypocritical way of addressing people.


Proposed “winner” rewrite of the thesis:


In Henry James’ novel Washington Square, James shows how Dr Sloper is a cold-hearted, stubborn, and pessimistic character through his sexist point of view, his systematic rejection of Catherine’s demands, and his vicious thoughts of satisfaction in Catherine’s suffering. 


OIB Oral Practice Schedule

OIB Oral Practice “examens blancs”


Student Passage Date
Thel-Mina Passage 1  Wed Nov 10th
Eugenie Passage 9 Wed Nov 17th
Louis To Earthward Wed Dec 1st
Allegra Passage 2 Wed Dec 8th 
Brune Passage 8 Wed Dec 15th 
Yolo The Wood Pile  Wed Jan 5th
Martin Passage 3 Wed Jan 12th 
Azi Passage 7 Wed Jan 19th
Capucine  An Unstamped Letter Wed Feb 2nd
Tanguy  Passage 4  Wed Feb 9th 


Prepare your 15 minute commentaire

Make a “Fiche” outline of your commentary + links