History Theme 3: Economic, Political and Social Challenges (1950-1991)

Chapter 1: International Economic and Geopolitical Challenges (please go to Google Drive for all resources)

On an international scale, this chapter deals with the economic and geopolitical challenges within the context of the end of the post-war economic boom beginning in the early 1970s.

These developments coincide with major political and economic transformations: the Iranian Revolution with a focus on the rise of different forms of political Islam and their impact, (including briefly the events of 9/11), the Reagan Revolution, Deng Xiaoping’s socialist market economy, the collapse of the Soviet Union confronted by pro-democracy movements, and developments in the European project with the transition from the EEC to the EU and the origin of the Maastricht Treaty (1992).

The Single European Act of 1986 was a Cold War project for European integration that set the stage for the deeper union envisioned by the architects of the EU at Maastricht for organizing Europe in the aftermath of the cold war.

In addition, topics dealt with here link to other chapters in the program, including China’s emergence as an international power, the Middle East and international politics, and the New Deal and its legacy.

Oil and Political Islam: Regional and Global Challenges 1973-1991

PowerPoint for this part of the chapter:

Oil and Polit Islam

Short video about the Nixon shock to the US economy in 1971 which led to the end of the Bretton Woods System established at the end of WW2:

Explanation of the 1973 oil crisis which brought an end to the 30 Glorious Year of economic growth between 1944 and 1974:

The Impact of the 1979 Iranian Revolution:

Deng and Reagan: New Economic Directions, 1978-88

Ronald Reagan and Deng Xiaoping (plus Europe) are three models for addressing the economic challenges of the era, and particularly the economic decline and the rapid increase in globalization. China’s new economic approach underpins and accelerates China’s globalization ambitions in the 1980s and beyond. A study of Reagan’s efforts to dismantle the New Deal legacy is also an integral part of understanding the rise of conservatism dealt with in chapter two of this theme.

Overview PowerPoint for this part of the chapter:

Reagan and Deng Xiaoping

Link to article about the impact of Reagan on the USA:

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1987/01/the-new-shape-of-american-politics/303363/

Link to article about the reforms made to China:

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-12-01/40-years-of-reform-that-transformed-china-into-a-superpower/10573468

 

The Rise of the EU and the Fall of the USSR: A New European Balance of Power, 1970s -1991

The push for further European integration and enlargement and the persistence of cold war dynamics in Europe are parallel and related developments in this period. The transition from the EEC to the EU is also a useful historical reference for Theme 3 in Geography.

Overview PowerPoints about the EU and the end of the Cold War:

EU history Intro

End of Cold War

Video about the key Maastricht Treaty which created the EU and the so-called Three Pillar structure of the EU:

President Reagan’s speech on the Evil Empire:

President Reagan’s speech about tearing down the Berlin Wall:

The Berlin Wall and CheckPoint Charlie:

The end of the USSR:

 

Chapter 2: Domestic Challenges within the USA and France from the 1950s to 2001

This chapter explores the political, social and cultural transformations in France and the United States during a period characterized by significant reforms and new political debate and divisions over social issues. The focus is on social history – African American civil rights, the rise of feminism and the changing role and status of women, Gay Rights, and the continuing struggle for a more equal society. These social issues emerge in the context of the rise of conservatism and its backlash to the counterculture society in the United States starting in the 1960s through to the 1990s. An additional perspective is the impact of the war in Vietnam, which is essential to understanding divisions and change in American society.

PILLAR ONE: THE USA

USA AND FRANCE PILLAR ONE ACTIVITIES

Vietnam War impact on American society and politics.

The intersection of the anti-war protest movement, the emergence of a youth counterculture and evolution of the Black Civil Rights movement.

PowerPoint about the Media and Vietnam:

How_did_the_coverage_of_the_Vietnam_War_in_the_USA_lead_to_demands_for_peace

An older but still useful information sheet on why the USA got involved with Vietnam:

Why did the USA get involved worksheet

Civil Rights Movement(s).

Goals, methods, successes and resistance, violence, with emphasis on Black Civil Rights.

Overview PowerPoint for this topic:

Black Civil Rights Overviewa

 

Rise and evolution of conservatism.

The backlash to the promotion of a liberal social agenda (Johnson’s Great Society) in conjunction with civil rights legislation and radical protests of the 1960s and early 1970s (Could include Goldwater’s campaign, John Birch Society, Nixon’s Southern strategy, politicization of the religious right, organized anti-abortion, anti-ERA efforts).

PowerPoint about the election of JFK his ideas about the NEW FRONTIER and then LBJ and the GREAT SOCIETY initiative:

New FrontierGreat Society

Overview PowerPoint about the rise of Conservatism in the late 1960s:

Rise of Conservatism Goldwater and Nixon

 

PILLAR TWO: THE USA AND FRANCE

For these topics please go to the HISTORY THEME 3 CHAPTER 2 google drive folder:

1968 counterculture

Feminism and women’s rights

LGBTQ Rights

Pillar Two Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T° OIB MARCH EXAMEN BLANC FEEDBACK POWERPOINT

Please study this powerpoint carefully so you understand what to focus your revision efforts on.

I will send each of you your results on gmail + specific individual feedback with obligatory reading for the next three weeks.

There are two ZOOMs next week to finish Geog Theme 2 and prepare you for studying Hist Theme 3 in the confinement holiday.

Please send in all Globalization + USA work immediately.

 

March HG OIB EX BLANC FEEDBACK

 

 

 

T° Geography Theme 2: Territorial Dynamics, Cooperation and Tensions in Globalization

Link to introduction and overview video for chapter 1 and chapter 2 (USA):

Work to complete at school during week beginning 15th February and for two week holiday:

Introduction

This theme studies how contemporary globalization leads to the assertion or confirmation of existing powerful actors and the emergence of new ones. Territories, regardless of the scale considered (states, infra- and supra-state regions, or metropolises) have unequal access to globalization. The effects of distance and trade barriers (protectionism), which limit international trade (and globalization) will be studied in addition to a country study of the USA: The United States, a country in globalization: unequal integration of territories, tensions and international cooperation and France: differentiated international influence and unequal attractiveness in globalization.

Key Questions

  1. General Question: Why are different territories unequally integrated into globalization?
  2. General Question: Analyze cooperation, tensions, and regulations at the global, regional, and local scales.
  3. In what ways are (U.S.) territories unequally integrated into globalization?
  4. How does cooperation among actors affect globalization?
  5. What trade-related tensions surround globalization (at global, regional, local levels)?
  6. To what extent do regulations influence globalization?
  7. France – To what extent is France a global power? To what extent does it attract or miss out on global flows?

Learning Objectives

Identify the various actors involved in processes of globalization.

Understand how globalization leads to shifts among actors and the emergence of new actors (e.g., countries or TNCs).

Analyze the consequences of globalization on the U.S. at local, regional, and global scales.

Evaluate the European Union’s interactions on continental and global scales

Apply a multi-scale (global-regional-local) analysis to globalization processes.

Evaluate territories at different scales to recognize that they do not all benefit from equal access to globalization.

Analyze the impact and integration of France in globalization.

Watch these videos which will help you to understand the DNL vocabulary in the chapter 1 booklet:

Understanding the role of the IMF and the World Bank:

 

Watch the first 1m of this video for an explanation of FDI:

 

Short video about TNCs:

 

Useful links for learning more about concepts in chapter 1 :

1. World Trade Organization (WTO) And Its Role in Globalization: An Analysis:

https://www.youthkiawaaz.com/2012/04/world-trade-organization-wto-and-its-role-in-globalization/

2. New York is the most influential city of today, but it’s only the second most important city of the future:

https://www.businessinsider.in/New-York-is-the-most-influential-city-of-today-but-its-only-the-second-most-important-city-of-the-future/articleshow/64531220.cms

Theme 2 – Chapter 1 and PowerPoints to help understand the three case studies:

 

Theme 2 Chapter 1 Booklet with exercises:

 

Geography Theme 2 Main Chp

 

PowerPoint for the Caribbean Case Study:

Caribbean Case Study

 

PowerPoint for the Case Study of Russia:

Russia Integration case study

 

PowerPoint for the Latin America Case Study:

Latin America

Link to article + video on the Belt and Road initiative and South America:

Chinese construction firms to play key role in Argentina-Chile tunnel project:

https://news.cgtn.com/news/3d49444d30677a4d/share_p.html

 

Additional Map Resources for this theme (please study these):

Cooperations and Tensions AMQ

Unequal Territorial Integration into Globalization

 

Work to complete from Wednesday 10th March to submit by Wednesday 24th March:

In depth Case Study:

The United States, a country in globalization: unequal integration of territories, tensions and international cooperation

Key Question:In what ways are (U.S.) territories unequally integrated into globalization?

Learning Objective:Analyze the consequences of globalization on the U.S. at local, regional, and global scales.

Overview

This case study examines how the territories of the US are not homogenous in terms of their integration into globalization. At a local scale this includes how localities, such as Detroit, are seen as not having benefited from globalization whilst others, such as NYC, are extremely well integrated into the wider global economy. It also approaches this issue at a regional scale in terms of the relative integration of the Rust Belt compared with the Sun Belt and concludes with a survey of the USMCA as an example of international cooperation.

Introductory video on US Geography:

Use this PowerPoint to learn about the US and globalization – it covers all major topics in the Chapter:

USA Case Study Intro

This is the accompanying chapter for the PowerPoint:

US Case Study Chapter

These are the map and legend (to be completed) in preparation for a possible DBQ exam exercise:

US Case Study Map

US Case Study Map Legend

This is the booklet of exercises to complete (use the PPT, videos and Case Study Chapter):

US Case Study Worksheet booklet

 

Videos to use with the workbook exercises:

 

Why the Sun Belt keeps growing Video:

North Carolina Research Park video (in Sun Belt):

Spaceport, New Mexico Video (in Sun Belt):

Rust Belt Video:

 

Cleveland and Detroit Compared (both in Rust Belt):

 

The Northeast Megalopolis (partly in Rust Belt – links to 1°OIB Geog Theme 1)

 

 

History Theme 2: Europe and the Cold War

Do not forget to use your codes to access Britannica School to research information about this theme

Chapter 1: The end of WW2 and Emergence of the Cold War, 1944-50

This chapter sheds light on the parallel and contradictory developments in the immediate post-war era: the desire to create a stable new world order at the same time as the breakdown of the Grand Alliance and emergence of superpower rivalry between the USA and the USSR which led to two competing spheres of influence and formed a new world order of tensions between East and West.

Overview PowerPoint for the period from the end of WWW2 to 1950 is here:

Cold War OIB

Resource Pack including Individual Student Enquiry here:

Emergence of Cold War Resource Packb

Hist Theme 2 Chp1 Activities

Churchill and Iron Curtain article here:

Churchill article Iron curtain speech

Key topics from World War Two for explaining the origins of the Cold War:

  1. i) The occupation and effective division of Europe (particularly Germany) by the two

emerging superpowers,

  1. ii) The Bretton Woods Agreement:

 

iii) Yalta and Potsdam

  1. iv) The opening of the UN
  2. v) The American use of the atomic bomb

 

 

Key topics for explaining the development of the Cold War between 1945 and 1950:

  1. i) The Iron Curtain speech, 1946
  2. ii) The Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan and containment policy, 1947

The Sinews of Peace (‘Iron Curtain Speech’)

 

 

iii) The Berlin Blockade and Airlift, 1948/9

https://edition.cnn.com/videos/international/2014/02/10/cold-war-ep-4-soviet-blockade.cnn

  1. iv) The Creation of NATO, 1949
  2. v) The outbreak of the Korean War, 1950

https://news.cgtn.com/news/2020-10-21/Five-things-you-may-not-know-about-the-Korean-War–UKq71vPjMs/index.html

 

Reference Points

 

  • Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan
  • Berlin Blockade and Airlift
  • 38th Parallel and outbreak of the Korean War

Further resources:

CNN The Cold War Series episode 1

CNN The Cold War episode 2: The Iron Curtain

Chapter 2: A New Geopolitical Order – Emergence of the Developing World (1948-1970s)

This chapter shows how geopolitics of the Cold War interfered with the decolonization process and led to the emergence of new actors as the newly independent countries asserted their international role, thereby challenging the bi-polar order.

Chapter 2 Reference Points

  • 1948- the birth of the State of Israel
  • French Indochina War and the start of the Vietnam War
  • 1962- Cuban Missile Crisis

Key Questions

  1. What were the international consequences of the emergence of newly independent countries in the two decades following the end of WWII?
  2. To what extent did newly independent countries challenge the bipolar world (1948 – 1970)?
  3. Analyze the impact of the Bandung Conference of 1955, with the appearance of the decolonizing Afro-Asian bloc.
  4. In what ways was the process of decolonization linked to the Cold War?
  5. Analyze the responses of the USA to each of the following:
  6. the creation of the state of Israel, 1948*
  7. the appearance of Mao’s China,1949*
  8. Castro’s seizure of power in Cuba, 1959*

Student Resource work booklet for all parts of this chapter:

Hist Th2 Chp2 Resource Work Booklet

Part One: Decolonization and the Cold War

Learning Objectives

  • Understand the significance of the Bandung Conference and the extent of Non-Alignment.
  • Analyze the impact of the Bandung Conference of 1955, with the appearance of the decolonizing Afro-Asian bloc.

PowerPoint about Part One:

Non alignment and Bandung

 

 

Pillar One: The Creation of Israel and the Arab response (Suez Crisis and Nasserism, 1956)

Focus of study:

– Emergence of Zionism & Arab nationalism

– Intervention of foreign powers (superpowers & former colonial powers)

– Arab-Israeli Conflicts/ Wars

 Objective

  • Analyze how the Partition of Palestine came about and its consequences.

PowerPoints for the Partition of Palestine and Suez Crisis:

Partition of Palestine

Suez Crisis 1956

EXAM REVISION PRIMARY DOCUMENTS:

Site with lots of cartoons about the Middle East:

http://mideastcartoonhistory.com/index.html

PLEASE COMPLETE WATCHING THE TWO VIDEOS BELOW BEFORE MONDAY 15 TH FEBRUARY: answers to questions are on google drive

Pillar Two: Emergence of Mao’s China (1949 – 1972)

Focus of study:

  1. Cold War alliance with the USSR before Sino-Soviet Split, 1950-1962
  2. Securing borders & challenging US in the Cold War (Tibet annexation, 1950, intervention in Korean War & sabre-rattling in Taiwan Straits, 1954
  3. Testing nuclear weapon, 1964
  4.  Support of African anti-colonial independence movements in the 1960s to gain diplomatic allies in  the push for a seat in the United Nations Security Council.

Objective

Evaluate the extent to which Mao’s foreign Policy challenged Cold War bipolarization from 1949 to 1972.

PowerPoint for Pillar Two:

Mao’s China 1948 to 72

CNN Cold War Episode 15 China 1949-72:

Cold War China Qs Worksheet

 

Pillar Five: Castro’s Cuba (1959 – 1962)

Focus of Study

This pillar highlights the spread of the Cold War into the Western Hemisphere and analyzes the US response during the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Objective:

Analyze the consequences of Castro coming to power in Cuba

CNN Cold War Episode 10 Cuba:

Cold War Cuba Qs worksheet

Geography Theme 1: Seas and Oceans at the heart of globalization

Welcome to Geography Theme 1.

This theme is focused on seas and oceans.

Start your learning with this introductory PPT:

T° Geog Theme 1

and the accompanying worksheet:

Geography Theme 1 PPT worksheet

Useful video resources include:

1) For ship routes

2) A link to a site with a maritime shipping map:

Main Maritime Shipping Routes

3) Video about shipping containers:

4. Holiday Homework Documents:

Geography Theme 1 PPT worksheet

Seas and Oceans AMQ Exercise

Don’t forget to check out the OIB METHODOLOGY section of the blog for help with AMQs.

5. Seas and Oceans as areas of tension: Video about the South China Sea:

6. The Ocean Economy Critical Reflection Exercise:

The Ocean Economy in 2030 worksheet

 

Chapter 2: Comparing France and the USA in terms of Martime Power

This is the key booklet for this comparative study of French and US maritime power:

France and US Comparison of Maritime Powers

Here is the introductory / overview Powerpoint used in the lessons to prepare you for the extended assignment:

Chp2 Martimes Powers Comparison

This is the base map used for French maritime power:

What is the extent of French Maritime Power

A recent NOAA report on the importance of the maritime economy to the USA:

NOAA 2020 econ-report

French Maritime Security report for 2015:

strategie_nationale_de_surete_des_espaces_maritimes_en_national_strategy_for_the_security_of_maritime_areas

A very useful site explaining the power of the US Navy and how it is projected around the globe:

https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/sea-power-us-navy-and-foreign-policy

 

 

T°OIB: History Resources on the Grt Depression and New Deal

In addition to the material available on the T°OIB HG Google Drive here are some very helpful resources for reviewing your understanding of the Great Depression and the New Deal.a

1) Article which explains the different economic viewpoints of KEYNES and HAYEK:

https://www.bbc.com/news/business-­‐14366054

2) Crash Course: Great Depression Episode

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GCQfMWAikyU

3) Crash Course: New Deal Episode

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6bMq9Ek6jnA

 

T° Euro 1 Vacation Work: The Red Scare and the Cold War

We now arrive at the centre piece of the theme ‘The USA Since the 14 Points – The Red Scare and The Cold War. This is a fascinating period of 20th century American history and it really boils down to the conflict between two ideologies – Communism and Capitalism – as each sought to dominate in the post war world of the 1940s and 1950s.

So to help introduce you to these areas of study and complement the chapter I have put on line here are two excellent videos. The first is about the 1950s Red Scare (not to be confused with the 1919 Red Scare) and the second is a nice overview of the Cold War from the Yalta Conference of 1945 to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

I hope you enjoy learning about this fascinating period of history.

VIDEO 1: McCarthyism and the 1950s Red Scare:

VIDEO 2: Overview of the Cold War:

Welcome

Hello T° and feel free to use this space to discuss work, ideas, thoughts, problems and solutions with the rest of the class. Remember PRONOTE Cahier de Textes is the place to check for new work and pdf documents of the chapter and worksheet.

In the meantime, here is a little video I made earlier to help your first learning pack assignment relating to The USA Since the 14 Points: