Chapter 1: International Economic and Geopolitical Challenges (please go to Google Drive for all resources)
On an international scale, this chapter deals with the economic and geopolitical challenges within the context of the end of the post-war economic boom beginning in the early 1970s.
These developments coincide with major political and economic transformations: the Iranian Revolution with a focus on the rise of different forms of political Islam and their impact, (including briefly the events of 9/11), the Reagan Revolution, Deng Xiaoping’s socialist market economy, the collapse of the Soviet Union confronted by pro-democracy movements, and developments in the European project with the transition from the EEC to the EU and the origin of the Maastricht Treaty (1992).
The Single European Act of 1986 was a Cold War project for European integration that set the stage for the deeper union envisioned by the architects of the EU at Maastricht for organizing Europe in the aftermath of the cold war.
In addition, topics dealt with here link to other chapters in the program, including China’s emergence as an international power, the Middle East and international politics, and the New Deal and its legacy.
Oil and Political Islam: Regional and Global Challenges 1973-1991
Short video about the Nixon shock to the US economy in 1971 which led to the end of the Bretton Woods System established at the end of WW2:
Explanation of the 1973 oil crisis which brought an end to the 30 Glorious Year of economic growth between 1944 and 1974:
The Impact of the 1979 Iranian Revolution:
Deng and Reagan: New Economic Directions, 1978-88
Ronald Reagan and Deng Xiaoping (plus Europe) are three models for addressing the economic challenges of the era, and particularly the economic decline and the rapid increase in globalization. China’s new economic approach underpins and accelerates China’s globalization ambitions in the 1980s and beyond. A study of Reagan’s efforts to dismantle the New Deal legacy is also an integral part of understanding the rise of conservatism dealt with in chapter two of this theme.
The Rise of the EU and the Fall of the USSR: A New European Balance of Power, 1970s -1991
The push for further European integration and enlargement and the persistence of cold war dynamics in Europe are parallel and related developments in this period. The transition from the EEC to the EU is also a useful historical reference for Theme 3 in Geography.
Overview PowerPoints about the EU and the end of the Cold War:
Video about the key Maastricht Treaty which created the EU and the so-called Three Pillar structure of the EU:
President Reagan’s speech on the Evil Empire:
President Reagan’s speech about tearing down the Berlin Wall:
The Berlin Wall and CheckPoint Charlie:
The end of the USSR:
Chapter 2: Domestic Challenges within the USA and France from the 1950s to 2001
This chapter explores the political, social and cultural transformations in France and the United States during a period characterized by significant reforms and new political debate and divisions over social issues. The focus is on social history – African American civil rights, the rise of feminism and the changing role and status of women, Gay Rights, and the continuing struggle for a more equal society. These social issues emerge in the context of the rise of conservatism and its backlash to the counterculture society in the United States starting in the 1960s through to the 1990s. An additional perspective is the impact of the war in Vietnam, which is essential to understanding divisions and change in American society.
The backlash to the promotion of a liberal social agenda (Johnson’s Great Society) in conjunction with civil rights legislation and radical protests of the 1960s and early 1970s (Could include Goldwater’s campaign, John Birch Society, Nixon’s Southern strategy, politicization of the religious right, organized anti-abortion, anti-ERA efforts).
PowerPoint about the election of JFK his ideas about the NEW FRONTIER and then LBJ and the GREAT SOCIETY initiative:
Link to introduction and overview video for chapter 1 and chapter 2 (USA):
Work to complete at school during week beginning 15th February and for two week holiday:
This theme studies how contemporary globalization leads to the assertion or confirmation of existing powerful actors and the emergence of new ones. Territories, regardless of the scale considered (states, infra- and supra-state regions, or metropolises) have unequal access to globalization. The effects of distance and trade barriers (protectionism), which limit international trade (and globalization) will be studied in addition to a country study of the USA: The United States, a country in globalization: unequal integration of territories, tensions and international cooperation and France:differentiated international influence and unequal attractiveness in globalization.
General Question: Why are different territories unequally integrated into globalization?
General Question: Analyze cooperation, tensions, and regulations at the global, regional, and local scales.
In what ways are (U.S.) territories unequally integrated into globalization?
How does cooperation among actors affect globalization?
What trade-related tensions surround globalization (at global, regional, local levels)?
To what extent do regulations influence globalization?
France – To what extent is France a global power? To what extent does it attract or miss out on global flows?
❖ Identify the various actors involved in processes of globalization.
❖ Understand how globalization leads to shifts among actors and the emergence of new actors (e.g., countries or TNCs).
❖ Analyze the consequences of globalization on the U.S. at local, regional, and global scales.
❖ Evaluate the European Union’s interactions on continental and global scales
❖ Apply a multi-scale (global-regional-local) analysis to globalization processes.
❖ Evaluate territories at different scales to recognize that they do not all benefit from equal access to globalization.
❖ Analyze the impact and integration of France in globalization.
Watch these videos which will help you to understand the DNL vocabulary in the chapter 1 booklet:
Understanding the role of the IMF and the World Bank:
Watch the first 1m of this video for an explanation of FDI:
Short video about TNCs:
Useful links for learning more about concepts in chapter 1 :
1. World Trade Organization (WTO) And Its Role in Globalization: An Analysis:
Work to complete from Wednesday 10th March to submit by Wednesday 24th March:
In depth Case Study:
The United States, a country in globalization: unequal integration of territories, tensions and international cooperation
Key Question:In what ways are (U.S.) territories unequally integrated into globalization?
Learning Objective:Analyze the consequences of globalization on the U.S. at local, regional, and global scales.
This case study examines how the territories of the US are not homogenous in terms of their integration into globalization. At a local scale this includes how localities, such as Detroit, are seen as not having benefited from globalization whilst others, such as NYC, are extremely well integrated into the wider global economy. It also approaches this issue at a regional scale in terms of the relative integration of the Rust Belt compared with the Sun Belt and concludes with a survey of the USMCA as an example of international cooperation.
Introductory video on US Geography:
Use this PowerPoint to learn about the US and globalization – it covers all major topics in the Chapter:
Do not forget to use your codes to access Britannica School to research information about this theme
Chapter 1: The end of WW2 and Emergence of the Cold War, 1944-50
This chapter sheds light on the parallel and contradictory developments in the immediate post-war era: the desire to create a stable new world order at the same time as the breakdown of the Grand Alliance and emergence of superpower rivalry between the USA and the USSR which led to two competing spheres of influence and formed a new world order of tensions between East and West.
Overview PowerPoint for the period from the end of WWW2 to 1950 is here:
Chapter 2: A New Geopolitical Order – Emergence of the Developing World (1948-1970s)
This chapter shows how geopolitics of the Cold War interfered with the decolonization process and led to the emergence of new actors as the newly independent countries asserted their international role, thereby challenging the bi-polar order.
Chapter 2 Reference Points
1948- the birth of the State of Israel
French Indochina War and the start of the Vietnam War
1962- Cuban Missile Crisis
What were the international consequences of the emergence of newly independent countries in the two decades following the end of WWII?
To what extent did newly independent countries challenge the bipolar world (1948 – 1970)?
Analyze the impact of the Bandung Conference of 1955, with the appearance of the decolonizing Afro-Asian bloc.
In what ways was the process of decolonization linked to the Cold War?
Analyze the responses of the USA to each of the following:
the creation of the state of Israel, 1948*
the appearance of Mao’s China,1949*
Castro’s seizure of power in Cuba, 1959*
Student Resource work booklet for all parts of this chapter:
We now arrive at the centre piece of the theme ‘The USA Since the 14 Points – The Red Scare and The Cold War. This is a fascinating period of 20th century American history and it really boils down to the conflict between two ideologies – Communism and Capitalism – as each sought to dominate in the post war world of the 1940s and 1950s.
So to help introduce you to these areas of study and complement the chapter I have put on line here are two excellent videos. The first is about the 1950s Red Scare (not to be confused with the 1919 Red Scare) and the second is a nice overview of the Cold War from the Yalta Conference of 1945 to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
I hope you enjoy learning about this fascinating period of history.