Geography Theme 1

Chapter 1: Case study on Nairobi

Link to map of Nairobi:,+Nairobi,+Kenya/@-1.315952,36.6567893,13z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x182f1c809869d64b:0x199b5604a77f13f5!8m2!3d-1.316866!4d36.6903289


Karen Estate in Nairobi:

Top 20 Expensive Estates in Nairobi | House Prices in Nairobi


Kibera: Kenya’s biggest slum:


Chapter 2: Case Study on Shrinking Cities


The phenomenon of shrinking cities refers to a metropolitan area that experiences significant population loss in a short period of time. It is also known as counterurbanization.

PPT introduction:

Shrinking Cities

Video (text in French, about Detroit):

Go to this site for photographs of Detroit:

















Welcome to Geography Theme 1.

This theme highlights the importance of seas and oceans in the process of globalization today.The maritimization of economies and the opening of international trade give seas and oceans a fundamental role in the supply of resources (halieutics, energy, biochemicals), and in material and immaterial exchanges. However, the relative importance of roads/routes and itineraries differ according to the nature of the flows (raw materials, intermediate products, industrial, information). Furthermore, territories are unequally integrated into globalization. Sea routes and submarine cables, as well as harbours and areas of exploitation are concentrated on a few main axes.

However, major changes are taking place that increase the geostrategic stakes and power rivalries, especially around channels and international straits. The development and use of the seas and oceans manifest tensions between contradictory objectives, such as the desire for exclusive rights/ control and the freedom of movement or exploitation of natural resources versus conservation. This explains in large part why the demarcation of exclusive economic zones(EEZs) is today the main cause of tension between states competing over the resources present in these areas and the desire of these states to exploit these resources.

Obligatory Reading: MARSHALL CHP 2 CHINA and CHP3 THE USA

Start your learning with this introductory PPT:

T° Geog Theme 1

and the accompanying worksheet:

Geography Theme 1 PPT worksheet

Useful video resources include:

1) For ship routes

2) A link to a site with a maritime shipping map:

3) Video about shipping containers:

4. AMQ Homework Documents:

Geography Theme 1 PPT worksheet

Seas and Oceans AMQ Exercise

Don’t forget to check out the OIB METHODOLOGY section of the blog for help with AMQs.

5. Seas and Oceans as areas of tension: Video about the South China Sea:

6. The Ocean Economy Critical Reflection Exercise:

The Ocean Economy in 2030 worksheet


Chapter 2: Comparing France and the USA in terms of Martime Power

For both the US and France, seas and oceans have economic, environmental and geostrategic importance. France and the United States control the two largest exclusive economic zones (EEZs), (even though the US has not ratified the UNCLOS), and they assert their respective maritime power despite the loss of competitiveness of their ports. On the one hand, this topic focuses on the economic role of maritime spaces, especially with regard to resources, the flows of goods and information. On the other hand, it is important to examine the military and diplomatic aspects of maritime power exercised by France and the United States.

This is the key booklet for this comparative study of French and US maritime power:

France and US Comparison of Maritime Powers

Here is the introductory / overview Powerpoint used in the lessons to prepare you for the extended assignment:

Chp2 Martimes Powers Comparison

This is the base map used for French maritime power:

What is the extent of French Maritime Power

A recent NOAA report on the importance of the maritime economy to the USA:

NOAA 2020 econ-report

French Maritime Security report for 2015:


A very useful site explaining the power of the US Navy and how it is projected around the globe: