History Theme 2

Chapter 1: Humanity Begins

This introductory chapter is about prehistory which began with the appearance of the first humans, around 2.5 million years ago.

A “human” is anyone who belongs to the genus Homo (Latin for “man”). Scientists still don’t know exactly when or how the first humans evolved, but they’ve identified a few of the oldest ones.

Man appeared on the African continent. This is why Africa is known as the ‘cradle of humanity’. Human-like animals that walked upright are known as hominids.

One of the earliest known humans is Homo habilis, or “handy man,” who lived about 2.4 million to 1.4 million years ago in Eastern and Southern Africa. Another early human is Homo erectus, the “upright man” who ranged from Southern Africa all the way to modern-day China and Indonesia from about 1.89 million to 110,000 years ago.


Resources for lessons:

Video from YouTube about Human Evolution (6m):

What Is Evolution & types of HUMANS | Dr Binocs Show | Peekaboo Kids


Animation from YouTube about the evolution of life:



History Chapter 2: Neolithic Man


Site for activity about one of the first settlements:


Short video about Stonehenge a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England:


Video about Catalhoyuk:


History: Rome – From Republic to Empire

The Romans invented myths to explain the foundation of their capital city, Rome. These myths gave Rome a divine origin and linked their history into Greek mythology. These myths were first transmitted orally then from the end of the Republic written down by poets such as Virgil. According to them, Rome was founded in 753 BC.

Originally Rome was a monarchy but in 509 BC a revolt overthrew the last king and Rome became a republic.

Under the Republic, Rome became the capital of a huge empire. When Julius Caesar, victor of the war with the Gauls, was nominated dictator for life in 44BC, a group of senators assassinated him because they feared the return of monarchy. By 27 BC, when Augustus ended the Republic, the Roman Empire extended throughout the whole Mediterranean and the Romans used myths to justify their rule.


Watch first 1m30 for a little introduction to the myth of Romulus and Remus:


History: The World of Greek City States

This chapter is about Ancient Greece and in particular the city-state of Athens where the first democracy in the world developed. The word used to describe a city-state was a polis and the city-states or polis operated independently of each other and often fought wars against each other.

PowerPoint about Ancient Athens:

6°OIB ancient athens

Class handout:

6°OIB athens handout

Class/Homework exercise:

6°OIB Athens Homework


Video about Ancient Greece (9mins):

Geography Theme 2: Living in a space with constraints


In this chapter you will learn about how certain places in the world have natural constraints that pose a challenge for the people who live there. The word constraint means a limitation or restriction. In geography a natural constraint is something that people must adapt to in order to be able to inhabit a place such as living on a mountain or a in a hot dry desert.

Document and map for Geography Chapter 3:

6° Geography Chp 3

Vocabulary exercises for Geography Chapter 3:

Geography chp3 Vocabulary

Adapting to a space with constraints summary exercise:

Adapting to constraints exercises

Living in a desert case study:

Few places on earth are as remote or harsh as the Namib Desert. Yet, humans and large animals have found a way to adapt to the unforgiving expanse

Link to CNN video ‘How humans and animals adapt to life in a desert‘ (5m39)

Watch the video about how people live in the coastal Namib desert in Namibia, Southern Africa.


Mountainous Environments case study:

Case study of how people have adapted to living in the Alps through the example of Val d’Isere.


Geography Theme 2: Chapter 4 – Living in an Agricultural Space

In this chapter you will learn about the different types of agriculture practised around the planet. Farming is particularly important in poorer countries where most people live in the countryside.

What is the different between Subsistence and Commercial Agriculture?

Geography Chp 4 Vocabulary

Geography Chp4 Text

Map showing different types of farming in Europe:

Ch 4 Farming in Europe 1

The future of farming: Vertical Farming in the city


History: First States, First Written Record

The Fertile Crescent

The first states developed in the fertile crescent of the Middle East.

Follow this link for a map of the fertile crescent:


The Fertile Crescent Intro

Mesopotamia witnessed the creation of the first city-states which were controlled by kings who fixed the rules. In Egypt, the territory was organized around the Nile under the authority of an all-powerful ruler – the pharaoh. His people considered him to be a god and constructed temples, palaces and pyramids in his honour.

Information about one of the largest early settlement: Çatalhöyük


Early Villages


Settlement: this is a generic word for a place where people live such as a farm,

village, town or city.

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was one of the oldest and longest lasting world civilizations. It was located along the Nile River in the northeast part of Africa and lasted for over three thousand years. The Ancient Egyptian pyramids are some of the most impressive structures built by humans in ancient times. Many of the pyramids still survive today for us to see and explore.


Link to a great site for information about the pyramids:



Resources for Urbanization in Nairobi, Kenya

Introduction to Nairobi

Nairobi is located in Kenya a country in the west of Africa. The city stretches across 684 square kilometers of land. It lies close to the eastern edge of the rift valley and is situated 1661 metres above the sea level. Mount Kenya is located to the North of the city and Mount Kilimanjaro lies towards south-east of Nairobi

The city has a population of around 4.3 million inhabitants and is growing by 22 people per hour. This means the city is expanding quickly and many people have to live in shanty towns or slums.



Text and photograph resource:


Video resources:

Video (5mins) about new developments in Nairobi:


Video (9mins) about the consequences  of rapid urbanization in Nairobi, showing Kiberia, a slum (shanty town):




Rome: The City (Lessons Thursday 28th May 2020)

These are the links are activity sheet we will be using in the two lessons today:

Useful links:

1) Map of Rome:


2) Video of the city today:


3) Article about the city and the Empire:


4) Video about the Colosseum and Forum:



Activity sheet used in Thursday 28th May lessons:

Rome city homework




Ancient Rome

The Romans invented myths to explain the foundation of their capital city, Rome. These myths gave Rome a divine origin and linked their history into Greek mythology. These myths were first transmitted orally then from the end of the Republic written down by poets such as Virgil. According to them, Rome was founded in 753 BC.

If you sign on to the Britannia Site with your password you can watch this video about Romulus and Remus, the brothers who founded Rome:



Here is the chapter introduction sheet and the first homework:

6°OIB Chp5 Rome Intro

Rome Myth homework