The European Union

The European Economic Community began in 1957 with the signing of the Treaty of Rome between the Six (Luxembourg, Belgium, France, Italy, the Netherlands and the German Federal Republic). It expanded in waves during the 1970s and 1980s to incorporate the UK, Denmark, Greece, Spain and Portugal. The Maastricht Treaty (1992) created the European Union and laid the foundations for the single currency (2002).

The EU was not always as big as it is today. When European countries started to cooperate economically in 1951, only Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands participated. Over time, more and more countries decided to join. The union reached its current size of 28 member countries with the accession of Croatia on 1 July 2013. It will fall back to 27 member states when the UK left in 2020 (Brexit).

Power Points about the EU (European Union)

eu_history

PPT-Lesson-Single-Market-How-has-the-single-market-benefited-millions-of-Europeans

PPT-Lesson-Structure-How-does-the-structure-of-government-within-the-EU-compare-with-the-structure-of-government-in-the-US

 

 

 

History Theme 2: Chp 6 – The Bipolar World and the Cold War

Introduction

The Cold War was an ongoing political rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies that developed after World War II due to the profound ideological differences between these two superpowers.

The USA and its allies, usually described as the WEST were capitalist democracies whereas the USSR was a communist dictatorship.

DO NOT FORGET TO USE YOUR BRITANNICA SCHOOL ACCOUNT TO RESEARCH EXTRA INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLD WAR, NATO, BERLIN, the IRON CURTAIN, COMMUNISM, CAPITALISM etc.

Key DNL Vocabaulary

Bipolar world: describes how the world was divided between two blocs.

Capitalism: system of government in which there are multiple political parties and private ownership is permitted so people can run businesses in order to make a profit

Communism: system of government in which there is only one political party and the government controls the means of production, individuals are not allowed to operate businesses or make a profit

Iron Curtain: name used from 1946 to describe the closed border between Communist controlled Eastern Europe and Western Europe. From 1961-1989, the Berlin Wall became the most famous embodiment of the Iron Curtain.

Introduction PowerPoint which explains the main concepts:

The Cold War Introduction

History chapter handout:

History Th2 Chp6a

Short explanation of the COLD WAR (4mins) including concepts such as the IRON CURTAIN and TRUMAN DOCTRINE.

If you’re feeling brave, here is a more detailed look (45mins) at the start of the Cold War:

 

Assignment

Using the PowerPoint, Chapter 6 handout, the first 4 min video above, and Britannica School write your own (this means you do not copy out chunks of text) responses to these questions:

  1. What was the Iron Curtain and where was it located?
  2. Which countries lay behind the Iron Curtain to the East?
  3. Explain what is the difference between communism and capitalism?
  4. What was the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan?
  5. What happened to Germany and the city of Berlin in the late 1940s?
  6. Explain in a paragraph of 10 -12 lines why the Cold War began after the end of WW2.

 

Tuesday 16th March Lesson:

Berlin – a place in the Cold War

Take careful notes from this PowerPoint to learn about Berlin and two important Cold War events, the Berlin Blockade of 1948-49 and the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961:

Berlin Place in Cold War

A 10 minute video about the Air Lift:

 

Tuesday 23rd March Lesson:

The Cuban Missile Crisis

 

The crisis explained in three 11 minute videos:

 

 

 

 

 

Text and quiz activity:

Cuban Missile Crisis Text and Quiz

 

History Theme 2: Independence and the Construction of New States

The first large-scale Asian-African Conference, also known as the Bandung Conference, took place on April 18-24, 1955 in Bandung, Indonesia. The twenty-nine countries that participated at the Conference represented 1.5 billion people or approximately half the World’s population at the time.

 

Introductory Power Point and map showing decolonized states:

Decolonisation Intro

History Th 2 Chp 5Decolonization map

 

Decolonization of India

Independence Day in India marked the end of British rule in 1947 and the establishment of a free and independent Indian nation. It also denoted the the partition of the subcontinent into two countries, India and Pakistan, which occurred at midnight on August 14–15, 1947.

Partition meant that millions of people found themselves on the ‘wrong’ side of the borders. Ten million became refugees in what was the largest population movement in history. Muslims travelled to Pakistan; Sikhs and Hindus to India. Up to a million of these refugees were killed in a series of horrific massacres in the border regions.

Some of the worst atrocities took place in the Punjab. Despite the efforts of the 55,000-strong Punjab Boundary Force, over 200,000 people were murdered.

Link to a useful site about Partition: https://www.nam.ac.uk/explore/independence-and-partition-1947

Indian Independence Exercises

  1. What was the situation regarding independence in India before WW2?
  2. When did India become independent?
  3. What methods did Gandhi use in his campaign against the British colonial powers?
  4. How was the territory divided following partition?
  5. What were the human consequences of this partition?

History Th 2 Chp 5

Algerian Independence

The Algerian War of Independence, (1954–62) was fought for Algerian independence from France. The movement for independence began during World War I (1914–18) and gained momentum after French promises of greater self-rule in Algeria went unfulfilled after World War II (1939–45).

In 1954 the National Liberation Front (FLN) began a guerrilla war against France and sought diplomatic recognition at the UN to establish a sovereign Algerian state. The most serious fighting took place in and around Algiers, where FLN fighters launched a series of violent urban attacks that came to be known as the Battle of Algiers (1956–57).

French forces (which increased to 500,000 troops) managed to regain control but only through brutal measures, and the ferocity of the fighting sapped the political will of the French to continue the conflict.

In 1959 Charles de Gaulle declared that the Algerians had the right to determine their own future. Despite terrorist acts by French Algerians opposed to independence and an attempted coup in France by elements of the French army, an agreement was signed in 1962, and Algeria became independent

Algerian War Of Independence

 

3° Areas of Low Population Density and their Assets

Key DNL Vocabulary:

Population Density:

DNL VOCABULARY POP DENSITY

Question Activity:

World Map demonstrating highly variable rates of population density across the planet:

https://www.businessinsider.com/most-extreme-comparison-of-population-density-2017-3?IR=T

Click on the document below to access Geography Chapter 3 about places of sparse population density in France (30 people or less per square kilometre):

Geog Chp 3

activities:

3° Nov Exercises about Chp3

DECEMBER DS FEEDBACK

3° Dec 2020 exam feedback

Geography Chapter 6: The European Union

This chapter focuses on how the European Union transfers wealth between member states from richer to poorer members. You will be learning about EU structural funds and how they are used to reduce disparities (differences) between different EU regions.

To learn more about the EU and the 27 member states, click on this link:

https://europa.eu/european-union/about-eu/countries_en

To download the chapter introduction and map showing countries eligible for EU structural funds, click here:

Geog Chp 6 Intro and Structural Funds Map

To access the worksheet for the new homework, click here:

EU STRUCTURAL FUNDS Doc HW

 

 

Geography Chapter 5: Development of Overseas French Territory

French overseas territory is spread around all the continents and oceans. This means that France has the second largest exclusive economic zone in the world after the USA. An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is the maritime zone that extends 200 nautical miles (370km) from the coast of a territory and is reserved for the exclusive use of that territory.

Learn more about EEZs here:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IEjtf-­‐bfZSU

and here:

To learn about the huge new coastal route which has recently been completed on La Réunion, watch this video here:

Chapter 5 can be downloaded here:

Gg 3e Chapter 5