History Theme 4: Dynamics and Ruptures in 17th and 18th Century Societies

The Enlightenment

This was an intellectual and cultural movement in the 17th and 18th centuries (1600s – 1700s) which emphasized logic and reason over faith and superstition.

(Optional) Crash course episode explaining the Enlightenment:

Power Point summary of the Enlightenment and ideas of some of the philosophers:

Overview of the Enlightenment

Text and worksheet about the Enlightenment for homework complete short definitions to exercise 2 only which we can review at the start of the next lesson (use Britannica Online to help you – see access codes on Google Drive):

2.1 The Enlightenment Part 2


The American Revolution

PowerPoint Introduction to the American Revolution:

2.2 American Revolution

Chapter to read for Monday 10th May:

22.4-The American Revolution

Short Video to watch for Monday 10th May:






Geography Theme 2 – OIB Development Case Study of Russia

Russia, the largest state in the world, experienced significant economic and political changes during the 1990s caused by the transition for a centrally planned economy to one that is now market orientated. This shift created substantial inequalities that provide challenges for the government to manage today.

Short CNBC News report on the wealth gap in Russia (36s):

Copy and Paste this link for article with video:


Article from 2019 about inequalities in Russia:

Copy and Paste link:


Video (made by Gazprom, so be aware of bias) about Russia’s hydrocarbon reserves and shows how gas is transported via pipelines and ships to different countries (3m55):

Documents with exercises (Part 1):

Russia Case Stusy Part One

Russia Part Two

In this assignment you will learn how Russia is a continent which is rich in resources but remains at the mercy of fluctuations in their prices. It’s current population is just under 150 million inhabitants though it has lost population since the collapse of the Soviet Union (USSR) in 1991. You will also study, Norilsk, a town within the arctic circle, which has been a closed city since 1991 and is exploited for it’s mineral resources but pays a terrible environmental and social price.

Begin by watching the video tutorial which explains the work here:


Read the article under this link to learn about the closed city of Norilsk:

Norilsk: A Closed City in Siberia

Then watch this documentary about the city here:

The assignment documents and exercises are available here:

Russia case Study pt2



For T°OIB you will need to get used to writing long essays (approximately 800-1000 words) in the space of just two hours. Here is a OIB Bac style question for you to write an essay response to using the resources above and what you have learnt from completing Russia Case Study Pt 1 and Pt2:


History Theme 3: The State in the Modern Epoch

The Affirmation of the State in the Kingdom of France

A short video tutorial I made to introduce and explain this theme and the assignments:

Learning Objective: To understand the affirmation of the State in France in its multiple dimensions

Key Question (for lessons):

How was the monarchy strengthened in the 16th century?


Read the chapter below (both parts) and complete the timeline (following the instructions on the timeline worksheet). Then on a separate sheet of paper complete carefully constructed written responses to Questions: 1, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7.

Louis XIV Chp Part One

Louis XVI Chp Part Two

Louis XIV Time linea

Additional video about Louis XIV and absolute monarchy in France (14mins):


Work for week beginning 8th March, to be completed for Tuesday 23rd March: The British Model

Another another short video tutorial I made introduce the topic and explain the chapter you have been given to work on:


Introductory PowerPoint:

Parliament Limits English Monarchy

Learning Objective: To understand how the creation of a representative government and definition of fundamental rights inspired philosophers during the 17th century.

Key Question (for lessons): How did Parliament limit the English Monarchy?


Read and study the chapter below to understand how the English Parliament came to limit the power of the monarchy in the 17th century:

British Model Chpa1


Read the chapter above and as you read it make a table (or chart) listing the causes of James I, Charles II and James II’s conflicts with parliament (see example on left hand side of first page of this chapter).

Then on a separate sheet of paper complete carefully constructed written responses to Questions: 1,2, 3,4,5,6,7 and 8

Additional video explaining the Glorious Revolution (12mins):


2°OIB Geography Theme 2 – Challenges of Territories, Populations and Development

Differentiated Demographic Trajectories: Challenges of Number and Ageing

Learning Objectives of this chapter:

– To study how territories experience different demographic and economic transitions according to level of development and inequality

– Examine case studies of development in India

– Learn about the issue of an ageing population in Japan.

Key Questions:

What does development mean?

What is the impact of demographic and economic transitions?

How is India developing?

What challenges does an ageing population pose to Japan?


2° Geog Theme 2 DNL Vocab

Review / Revision of the Basics:

Understanding Population Growth and Density:

The DTM:

Demographic Transition Model Explaind

Understanding the DTM (Demographic Transition Model):

Annotated DTM graphs:


The role of a state in models of development

Case Study: The Age Bomb – How Japan is managing an ageing population:

How Is Japan Dealing With Its Rapidly Ageing Population

Case Study: Challenges of Development in India

India’s Path to Economic Development

India’s Population Pyramid

2°OIB History Theme 2: The 15th and 16th Centuries

This second theme covers the opening of the Atlantic results from the discovery of the ‘New World’ and includes a study of the Renaissance, Humanism and Religious Reforms.

Click below to see the Theme Outline and D.N.L vocabulary:

2°OIB Hist Theme 2

Resources for the Opening of the Atlantic:

This is the key text used for the first part of the theme:

The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade

These Powerpoint presentations summarize the main ideas studied:

Opening of Atlantic PPT

Voyages of Discovery

A further component of this theme is the Spanish conquest of South America and their encounter with the Aztecs:

Aztec Daily Life

Video links:

Plus the encomiendas system and the Valladolid debate:

Spain builds a colonial empire worksheet

Valladolid Debate

Resources about the Renaissance

These documents and Powerpoint look at why the Renaissance began and some of its key components:

7.4 Renaissance

Thomas More Facts

Renaissance Overview

The European History Crash course episode on the Renaissance:

The Reformation

An introductory Powerpoint which acts as a good starter about Martin Luther and the differences between Catholicism and Protestantism:


The European History Crash course episode on the Reformation:

Response to Luther





2° Geography Theme 1 – Managing Resources

Introduction to the global situation:

There’s nothing more essential to life on Earth than water. Yet, from Cape Town to Flint, Michigan, and from rural, sub-Saharan Africa to Asia’s teeming megacities, there’s a global water crisis. People are struggling to access the quantity and quality of water they need for drinking, cooking, bathing, handwashing, and growing their food.

Globally, 844 million people lack access to clean water. Without clean, easily accessible water, families and communities are locked in poverty for generations. Children drop out of school and parents struggle to make a living.

Overview of Water Resources (short video):


DNL Vocabulary

Water scarcity:

This is the lack of fresh water resources to meet the standard water demand. Water scarcity can also be caused by droughts, lack of rainfall, or pollution. This was listed in 2019 by the World Economic Forum as one of the largest global risks in terms of potential impact over the next decade

Link to map showing water scarcity:


Water stress:

This occurs when the demand for water exceeds the available amount during a certain period or when poor quality restricts its use. Water stress causes deterioration of fresh water resources in terms of quantity (aquifer over-exploitation, dry rivers, etc.)

Link to Map to show water stress across the globe:


Water scarcity video:


Managing Water Resources

Water insecurity managing supplies

BBC NEWS ARTICLE about Ethiopia’s Grand Renaissance Dam:


ALJAZEERA ARTICLE about talks between Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia:





History: The American Revolution

This key part of the final History Theme in 2°OIB paves the way for your ongoing studies in 1°OIB. The purpose of this chapter is to understand how a revolt in a British colony founded a new political model which recognized universal principles and was a source of inspiration for the French Revolution (which is studied in 1°OIB and forms part of the forthcoming Summer Assignment).

A fun way to start is by watching this video:

If you have time on your hands this video gives more detail:

Here is the chapter you need to carefully read, study and then use to answer questions 1-9 (don’t forget Britannica has a good section about this revolution too – if you have lost your password, just email me):

22.4-The American Revolution


There are also these documents:

2.4 American Revolution

2.4.1 American Revolution Part 2