History theme 2 examines France and US society between 1848 and 1871.
Part One begins with a survey chapter of the short lived Second Republic which became the Second Empire (with an authoritarian and liberal phase), ending with the fall of Louis-Napoleon and the crisis of 1870 to 71 in France.
Part Two, the following chapter, focuses on the USA and the crisis of the republic with the onset of the American Civil War.
The theme concludes with Part Three which examines the economic and social transformations in France and the USA between 1800 and 1870.
REMEMBER: additional information is available on the 1°OIB HG folder (History Theme 1) shared on the Google Drive – particularly the Chp18 pdf document.
DBQ Title Question:
Using the documents and your knowledge analyze how France was transformed by the Revolution in the period 1789-1804.
Discuss the values and limitations of the documents in your response.
Proposed Introduction (which you are free to copy, adapt or disregard):
This essay will analyse how France was transformed by the Revolution focusing on the period 1789 to 1804. 1789 is regarded as the start of the Revolution due to the momentous events that occurred over the course of the year. These included the meeting of the Estates General and subsequent creation of the National Assembly, the symbolic storming of the Bastille and the seismic changes wrought by the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen in August. 1804 also witnessed lasting changes with the entering into force of the Napoleonic Code which enshrined into law the gains made by the Revolution. This work will describe how the country was organized prior to 1789 and then go on to utilize the documents provided to examine some of the really major changes made during the Revolution which led to an unparalleled transformation of the country between 1789 and 1804.
Your following paragraphs should identify the important changes made to France which you have learnt about in lessons and use the information in the documents (do not forget, at an appropriate point, to also discuss the values and limitations of each document) to analyse (this means methodically examining, so explaining and interpreting each change and identifying why it was important).
Below is a suggestedstructure for your essay: (I suggest you also access the
Contextual paragraph about the ancient regime (making use of document 1)
Analysis of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (see pg 581 in chapter 18 of the pdf and making use of document 2)
Analysis of the New Constitution of 1791 (Chapter 18 pdf pg 582)
Napoleon’s peace with the Church in 1801 and the Civil Code (Chapter 18 pdf pg 599 and making use of document 3)
Conclusion: look to write half a page for a good conclusion. Summarize what you have examined in the essay and show how these changes really led to profound changes.
Do not forget, first person personal pronouns are not to be used in OIB HG essays.
Part Two: The Congress of Vienna
After the defeat of Napoleon, European governments wanted to establish a lasting and stable peace for the continent. This resulted in an 8 month meeting in Vienna which is known as the Vienna Congress and the most influential representative was the Foreign Minister of Austria Prince Klemens von Metternich who distrusted the ideals and results of The French Revolution and sought to establish a balance of power so that no country would be a threat to others.
The Revolutions of 1848 were a series of republican revolts against European monarchies, beginning in Sicily and spreading to France, Germany, Italy, and the Austrian Empire. They all ended in failure and repression and were followed by widespread disillusionment among liberals.
Link to an article for further details on these revolutions:
This part of Theme 1 examines what was happening in the USA around the time of the French Revolution and Congress of Vienna. You will be using primary documents and learning how to analyse them for their values and limitations.
Do not forget ton consult the Methodology Booklet or Methodology section on this blog for how to analyse documents.
Overview – Who was President Jefferson?
Adapted from History.com:
Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), author of the Declaration of Independence and the third U.S. president, was a leading figure in America’s early development. During his two terms in office (1801-1809), the U.S. purchased the Louisiana Territory and Lewis and Clark explored the vast new acquisition. Although Jefferson promoted individual liberty, he was also a slave owner. After leaving office, he retired to his Virginia plantation, Monticello, and helped found the University of Virginia.
Link to original article: https://www.history.com/topics/us-presidents/thomas-jefferson
Born in poverty, Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) had become a wealthy Tennessee lawyer and rising young politician by 1812, when war broke out between the United States and Britain. His leadership in that conflict earned Jackson national fame as a military hero, and he would become America’s most influential–and polarizing–political figure during the 1820s and 1830s.
He became the nation’s seventh president (1829-1837) and, as America’s political party system developed, the leader of the new Democratic Party. A supporter of states’ rights and slavery’s extension into the new western territories, he opposed the Whig Party and Congress on polarizing issues such as the Bank of the United States (though Andrew Jackson’s face is on the twenty-dollar bill). For some, his legacy is tarnished by his role in the forced relocation of Native American tribes living east of the Mississippi.
The reconfiguration of rural spaces is characterized by the paradox of closer links between rural and urban areas whilst some rural areas at the same time are excluded and remain peripheral. The state of Texas presents dramatic contrasts between urban and rural spaces. The state is experiencing impressive population growth and immigration along the Mexican border while rural communities struggle to maintain public services.
Introduction PowerPoint for Theme 3
This is a useful starting point for key ideas in this theme including the differing importance of rural areas in national economies, the concept of the urban-rural continuum and an understanding of rural fragmentation and rural gentrification:
An example Map of Rural Change and Challenges in Texas which you can use to create your own map (with around 12 symbols in the legend) – don’t try and copy it all that is not the objective of the exercise!
This theme compares the social and economic transformations of French and American societies in the late 19th – early 20th centuries. In France, the First Republic (1792-1804) and the Second Republic (1848-1852) were both replaced by imperialist and authoritarian regimes. However, following the collapse of the Second Empire (under Louis Napoleon), the Third Republic (1870-1914) survived for decades and constructed a nation around the republic ideal. The theme concludes with a study the development of French and American imperialism.
Analyze the main advances in production methods.
Evaluate the social and economic impact of industrialization.
Analyze the ideology of American expansionism
Analyze the causes and consequences of the Spanish-American War and Philippine Rebellion
What were the major consequences of industrialization?
How important was the impact of immigration?
How did women’s workforce and social roles evolve?
What were the economic, political, ideological, and military motivations behind American imperialism?
What were the consequences of Westward expansion to the Pacific?
Why and how did the US acquire an overseas empire at the end of the 19th century?
How did American imperial ambitions compare with European Imperialism in the broader global context?
Classwork and Homework for the week beginning MONDAY 8TH MARCH to be completed and submitted for week beginning MONDAY 22ND MARCH:
Watch the videos above and check out the PPT before reading SECTION THREE: BIG BUSINESS AND LABOR and complete SECTION THREE ASSESSMENT exercises 1,2,3 and 4 (you did not need to study Sections 1 or 2):
This chapter is about how, at the global scale, the principal places and actors involved in the production of wealth are undergoing change, becoming more numerous and interconnected in addition to being concentrated in metropolises and along the coasts.
Identify the different types of production areas
To be able to define the role of different actors in the supply chain
Understand how production areas constitute networks
Understand the New International Division of Labor
Understand how the digital economy influences production area
What are the different types of production areas?
How are production areas changing in the context of globalization?
What are the major actors of production at different scales?
To what extent do flows drive global production?
What is the impact of the digital economy on production area?
How do metropolises and coastal areas fit into production networks?
The megacity Mumbai is located in the state of Maharashtra in India on the west coast of India with an extended metropolitan population of aroud of 20.4 million inhabitants. It used to be known as Bombay until its name was officially changed in 1995.
It accounts for 1/3 of India’s tax revenue and is experiencing massive urbanisation due the growth of its economy in manufacturing. An increase in tertiary sector jobs such as IT and financial services means it has become a major centre for out-sourced work. It also has one of the largest film industries in the world located there, ‘Bollywood’. Despite this 42% of its population live in slums.
As we move towards the end of this theme and prepare for the first Theme of History in T°OIB it is vitally important your carefully read and think about the ideas raised on pages 456-469 (which constitute two sections) from The American Republic textbook, chapter 14 below.
Once you have read each of these chapters please complete the two Google docs quizzes to show your understanding.