History Theme 2: France and the US – politics and society

History theme 2 examines France and US society between 1848 and 1871.

Part One begins with a survey chapter of the short lived Second Republic which became the Second Empire (with an authoritarian and liberal phase), ending with the fall of Louis-Napoleon and the crisis of 1870 to 71 in France.

Part Two, the following chapter, focuses on the USA and the crisis of the republic with the onset of the American Civil War.

The theme concludes with Part Three which examines the economic and social transformations in France and  the USA between 1800 and 1870.

Part One: France


Overview: France, 1850-1914

The Second Republic

Louis Napoleon ends the Second Republic

The Liberal Empire, 1859-70

Article and exercises on the end of the Second Empire:

Fall of Nap III


Part Two: The USA


1860 US Presidential Election Map:


Causes of the Civil War:

Textbook chapters:

American Rep chap6

The war and Reconstruction:

American Rep chap7

Key documents:

Emancipation Proclamation

Gettysburg Address

PowerPoint Resources:

The Civil War:

US Causes of Civil War




Part Three: France and USA Economic and Social Transformations

FR Indust Map and Haussmann


Hist Chp 5 PPT Overview

Hist Chp 5 PPT US

Key documents:

Lowell System

TransContinental Railroad









History Chapter 1: French Revolution

This first chapter begins by examining the French Revolution which led to the creation of modern political principles within the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen in 1789.

PowerPoint Resource:


Crash Course European History on the French Revolution:


French Revolution DBQ essay assignment including methodological help:

French Rev Assignment1


REMEMBER: additional information is available on the 1°OIB HG folder (History Theme 1) shared on the Google Drive – particularly the Chp18 pdf document.

DBQ Title Question:

Using the documents and your knowledge analyze how France was transformed by the Revolution in the period 1789-1804.

Discuss the values and limitations of the documents in your response.

Proposed Introduction (which you are free to copy, adapt or disregard):

This essay will analyse how France was transformed by the Revolution focusing on the period 1789 to 1804. 1789 is regarded as the start of the Revolution due to the momentous events that occurred over the course of the year. These included the meeting of the Estates General and subsequent creation of the National Assembly, the symbolic storming of the Bastille and the seismic changes wrought by the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen in August. 1804 also witnessed lasting changes with the entering into force of the Napoleonic Code which enshrined into law the gains made by the Revolution. This work will describe how the country was organized prior to 1789 and then go on to utilize the documents provided to examine some of the really major changes made during the Revolution which led to an unparalleled transformation of the country between 1789 and 1804.


Your following paragraphs should identify the important changes made to France which you have learnt about in lessons and use the information in the documents (do not forget, at an appropriate point, to also discuss the values and limitations of each document) to analyse (this means methodically examining, so explaining and interpreting each change and identifying why it was important).

Below  is a suggested structure for your essay: (I suggest you also access the

  • Contextual paragraph about the ancient regime (making use of document 1)
  • Analysis of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (see pg 581 in chapter 18 of the pdf and making use of document 2)
  • Analysis of the New Constitution of 1791 (Chapter 18 pdf pg 582)
  • Napoleon’s peace with the Church in 1801 and the Civil Code (Chapter 18 pdf pg 599 and making use of document 3)
  • Conclusion: look to write half a page for a good conclusion. Summarize what you have examined in the essay and show how these changes really led to profound changes.

Do not forget, first person personal pronouns are not to be used in OIB HG essays.


Part Two: The Congress of Vienna


After the defeat of Napoleon, European governments wanted to establish a lasting and stable peace for the continent. This resulted in an 8 month meeting in Vienna which is known as the Vienna Congress and the most influential representative was the Foreign Minister of Austria Prince Klemens von Metternich who distrusted the ideals and results of The French Revolution and sought to establish a balance of power so that no country would be a threat to others.

Overview Power Point:

Congress of Vienna

Crash Course European History Episode:


Part Three: The Springtime of the Peoples, 1848

The Revolutions of 1848 were a series of republican revolts against European monarchies, beginning in Sicily and spreading to France, Germany, Italy, and the Austrian Empire. They all ended in failure and repression and were followed by widespread disillusionment among liberals.


Link to an article for further details on these revolutions:



Meanwhile in America…

This part of Theme 1 examines what was happening in the USA around the time of the French Revolution and Congress of Vienna. You will be using primary documents and learning how to analyse them for their values and limitations.


Do not forget ton consult the Methodology Booklet or Methodology section on this blog for how to analyse documents.

Overview – Who was President Jefferson?

Adapted from History.com:

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), author of the Declaration of Independence and the third U.S. president, was a leading figure in America’s early development. During his two terms in office (1801-1809), the U.S. purchased the Louisiana Territory and Lewis and Clark explored the vast new acquisition. Although Jefferson promoted individual liberty, he was also a slave owner. After leaving office, he retired to his Virginia plantation, Monticello, and helped found the University of Virginia.

Link to original article: https://www.history.com/topics/us-presidents/thomas-jefferson

Resources for this study:

US Growth 1803 to 1850

US Lewis and Clark Document Activity


Overview- Who was President Jackson?

Adapted from History.com:

Born in poverty, Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) had become a wealthy Tennessee lawyer and rising young politician by 1812, when war broke out between the United States and Britain. His leadership in that conflict earned Jackson national fame as a military hero, and he would become America’s most influential–and polarizing–political figure during the 1820s and 1830s.

He became the nation’s seventh president (1829-1837) and, as America’s political party system developed, the leader of the new Democratic Party. A supporter of states’ rights and slavery’s extension into the new western territories, he opposed the Whig Party and Congress on polarizing issues such as the Bank of the United States (though Andrew Jackson’s face is on the twenty-dollar bill). For some, his legacy is tarnished by his role in the forced relocation of Native American tribes living east of the Mississippi.

Indian Removal Primary Documents

Information and maps about the Trail of Tears

Trail of Tears






Overview of HG Syllabus and Summer Assignment



Nations, Empires, Nationalities (from 1789 to the end of the First World War)


Theme 1: Revolutionary Europe and the US Experience

1: The French Revolution and Empire: a New Conception of the Nation

2: Europe between Restoration and Revolution (1814-48)

3: Meanwhile in America…


Theme 2: France and the US – Politics and Societies

4: The Second Republic and the Second Empire

5: Crisis of the Republic – American Civil War

6: Industrialization: Economic and Social Transformation in France and the USA


Theme 3: France and the US – Politics and Society to 1914

7: Consolidating the Republican Regime

8: Continuity and Change in French and US Society, 1870-1914

9: American and French Imperialism


Theme 4: WW1 – The Suicide of Europe

10: Overview of WW1

11: The Home Front and Total War

12: The End of WW1 and Transition to Peace




The Dynamics of a Changing World 


Theme 1: Urbanisation: a Global Differentiated Process

1: Cities at a Global Scale: the Growing Importance of Cities

2: Unequal and Changing Cities

3: Urbanisation in France


Theme 2: Diversification of Spaces, Actors and Production Spaces

4: Production Spaces

5: Urbanisation and Coastal Productive Zones

6: France: Productive Systems – Local, European and Global


Theme 3: US Rural Spaces

7: Fragmentation, Diversification and Conflict in Rural Spaces

8: Texas Case Study


Theme 4: China: Spatial Changes

10: Development and Inequalities

11: Resources and Environments under Pressure

12: Spatial Reconfiguration: Cities, Coasts and Rural Change


Summer Assignment 2021:

Preparation for History Theme 1

HG Summer Assignment for 1°OIB 2021


1°OIB Summer assignment 2021 chps


Summer 2021 Homework Support Resources:


Crash course episode on Westward US Expansion:

Link to short video deconstructing the myth of the Alamo (3m):







Geography Theme 3: Rural Spaces – TEXAS AMQ April/May 2021

Introduction to Theme 3:

The reconfiguration of rural spaces is characterized by the paradox of closer links between rural and urban areas whilst some rural areas at the same time are excluded and remain peripheral. The state of Texas presents dramatic contrasts between urban and rural spaces. The state is experiencing impressive population growth and immigration along the Mexican border while rural communities struggle to maintain public services.

Introduction PowerPoint for Theme 3

This is a useful starting point for key ideas in this theme including the differing importance of rural areas in national economies, the concept of the urban-rural continuum and an understanding of rural fragmentation and rural gentrification:

Geog Theme 3 Overview

PowerPoint for the Texas Case Study:

The cornerstone of this theme is a case study of rural Texas, here is the PowerPoint:

Texas Overview

Resource booklet for Rural Areas in Texas:

Corpus of documents – Case Study TEXAS

Annotated Map Question (AMQ) for this chapter – this is the major piece of work for this theme:

Texas AMQ

Copy of blank map to print out and draw your own annotated map on to answer question7:

Texas Base Map

An example Map of Rural Change and Challenges in Texas which you can use to create your own map (with around 12 symbols in the legend) – don’t try and copy it all that is not the objective of the exercise!

Map of Texas – Change and Challenge Rural Areas

HELP FOR TEXAS AMQ METHODOLOGY (use colouring pencils please). This document is really important preparation for AMQs in the OIB Bac exam:

Methodology for TEXAS AMQ















History Theme 3: France and the US – Politics and Society to 1914

This theme compares the social and economic transformations of French and American societies in the late 19th – early 20th centuries. In France, the First Republic (1792-1804) and the Second Republic (1848-1852) were both replaced by imperialist and authoritarian regimes. However, following the collapse of the Second Empire (under Louis Napoleon), the Third Republic (1870-1914) survived for decades and constructed a nation around the republic ideal. The theme concludes with a study the development of French and American imperialism.

Learning Objectives

  • Analyze the main advances in production methods.
  • Evaluate the social and economic impact of industrialization.
  • Analyze the ideology of American expansionism
  • Analyze the causes and consequences of the Spanish-American War and Philippine Rebellion

Key Questions

  • What were the major consequences of industrialization?
  • How important was the impact of immigration?
  • How did women’s workforce and social roles evolve?
  • What were the economic, political, ideological, and military motivations behind American imperialism?
  • What were the consequences of Westward expansion to the Pacific?
  • Why and how did the US acquire an overseas empire at the end of the 19th century?
  • How did American imperial ambitions compare with European Imperialism in the broader global context?

1°OIB His Th3 Introa

 CHAPTER 7 : Consolidating the Republican regime, its Values and Defining Citizenship

Points de passage:

  • 1871 – Louise Michel during the Paris Commune
  • 1885 – The national funeral of Victor Hugo
  • 1905 – The Law of Separation of Churches from the State: debates & implementation.

Louise Michel

The National Funeral of Victor Hugoa

1905 Law of Separationa

Main PowerPoint for this chapter:

Hist Chp6 Overview

Additional video resource (3m) about the Paris Commune:

Follow this link for a short review (4mins) of secularism or the separation between Church and State in France:


Classwork / Homework from February 15th through the holiday: complete all the exercises about French Industrialization I distributed recently – exercises are here:  Theme 3 Fr Indust Activity



Chapter 8: Continuity and Change in French Society & in the United States 1870-1914

Points de passage:

  • John D. Rockefeller and Standard Oil
  • 1893 Columbian Exposition (Chicago’s World Fair) & 1900 Universal Exposition
  • International Ladies Garment Workers Union & Triangle Shirtwaist Fire (1911)

What were the impacts of industrialization on France Activity:

Theme 3 Fr Indust Activity

Gilded Age Overview PowerPoint:

Hist Ch7 Gilded Age


The 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist fire

Classwork and Homework for the week beginning MONDAY 8TH MARCH to be completed and submitted for week beginning MONDAY 22ND MARCH:

Watch the videos above and check out the PPT before reading SECTION THREE: BIG BUSINESS AND LABOR and complete SECTION THREE ASSESSMENT exercises 1,2,3 and 4 (you did not need to study Sections 1 or 2):

1°OIB US 19th C



Chapter 9: American and French Imperialism

Points de Passage:

  • Manifest Destiny (US) / Civilizing Mission (FR)
  • Dawes Act of 1887 and Wounded Knee 1890
  • Philippine Rebellion 1899

French and European Imperialism:

19th Century FR Imperialism

19th Century French Imperialism worksheet

1° Scramble Africa Article

American Imperialism:



The Rise of American Imperialism worksheet







Geography Theme 2: Diversification of Spaces, Actors and Production

This chapter is about how, at the global scale, the principal places and actors involved in the production of wealth are undergoing change, becoming more numerous and interconnected in addition to being concentrated in metropolises and along the coasts.

Learning Objectives 

  • Identify the different types of production areas
  • To be able to define the role of different actors in the supply chain
  • Understand how production areas constitute networks
  • Understand the New International Division of Labor
  • Understand how the digital economy influences production area

Key Questions

  1. What are the different types of production areas?
  2. How are production areas changing in the context of globalization?
  3. What are the major actors of production at different scales?
  4. To what extent do flows drive global production?
  5. What is the impact of the digital economy on production area?
  6. How do metropolises and coastal areas fit into production networks?


1° OIB Geography Theme 2 Outline

Chapter 4: Production Spaces and Global Case Studies

Principal PPT support for first part of theme:

Geog Ch4 Overview


Map showing global trade flows:


Article about the Digital Economy:


Video: outsourcing explained:


Video on Outsourcing in Bangalore:


Example of a supply chain:

Video (12mins) on the Apple Supply Chain:


An article on the Apple Supply Chain:


Case Study of Singapore

1° Gg chp4 Singapore



Chapter 5: Coastal Production Zones

Principal PPT for second part of the theme:

Geog Ch5 Overview

Silicon Valley Case Study:

1°Gg chp5 Silicon Valley resources

Silicon Valley Exercises and Map

Article about Silicon Valley:

INTERNATIONAL CASE STUDY: San Francisco and Silicon Valley


Link to the atlas of the future article and maps:

7 ways to map optimism

Geog Ch5 PPT worksheet

Chapter 6: Productive Spaces in France

Geog Chp6 PPT Overview

Geog ch6 PPT worksheet

French Industrial Spaces


Brittany case study work

History Theme 2

History theme 2 covers the Second Republic and Second Empire in France and then turns its attention to the tensions in the USA between the North and South which led to the Civil War.

1° OIB History Theme 2 Overview

The Second Republic becomes the Second Empire

The chapter begins in France – click on the document below for further details:

The birth of the Second Republic

The following Powerpoint summarizes how the Second Empire can be divided into two phases: the authoritarian Empire from 1852-59 and the the Liberal Empire from 1859 to 1870:

The Liberal Empire, 1859-70


The next part of the chapter crosses the Atlantic to chart the steps leading up to the Civil War:

The following document provides a good overview of the causes of the conflict:

Reconstruction After the Civil War Chp

This document provides a chronology and explores the extent to which slavery was the cause of  the civil war:

US Civil War

This Powerpoint covers the bulk of what we study about this troubled period of US history:

US Causes of Civil War


Reconstruction after the Civil War

Overview PPT of the Reconstruction, 1865-77:


Crash course episode on Reconstruction:

Chapter about Reconstruction:

Reconstruction After the Civil War Chp


Industrialization, Economic and Social Transformations in the US and France, 1800-1870

The final part of THEME 2 looks at the rise of industrialism and how it transformed France and the USA.

  • During and after the Civil War the US entered a period of rapid economic growth (boom) due in part to government policies that changed the factors of production in the US.
  • These factors include: land (and its natural resources – wood, coal, iron ore), labour, capital, technology and entrepreneurship.
  • The National Bank provided capital and regulated lending and western expansion (promoted through government purchases and treaties) opened up a vast resource rich region.

PowerPoint for France:

Hist Chp 5 PPT Overview

PowerPoint for the USA:

Hist Chp 5 PPT US

Document on the Lowell System:

Lowell System

PowerPoint about the Transcontinental Railroad:

TransContinental Railroad

Crash course episode:








Geography Theme 1: Case study of Mumbai


The megacity Mumbai is located in the state of Maharashtra in India on the west coast of India with an extended metropolitan population of aroud of 20.4 million inhabitants. It used to be known as Bombay until its name was officially changed in 1995.

It accounts for 1/3 of India’s tax revenue and is experiencing massive urbanisation due the growth of its economy in manufacturing. An increase in tertiary sector jobs such as IT and financial services means it has become a major centre for out-sourced work. It also has one of the largest film industries in the world located there, ‘Bollywood’. Despite this 42% of its population live in slums.

Resources for this case study:

Map to show location and expansion of the city:

Growth of Mumbai

Short video overview of slums in Mumbai:


An excellent website including maps and video about this settlement:


Case study map and exercise:

Mumbai Case Study of a LEDC Megalopolis





WW1 Overview and Aftermath (Preparation for timed DBQ essay)

Powerpoint material for overview and aftermath of  WW1:

End of WW1

The crash course episode relating to American in WW1:

Extract from a BBC2 programme about the end of the war, 1917-1918:

Article about why Germany lost:

1° Why did Germany Lose WW1

Article about the Versailles Treaty (aka The Paris Peace Treaty):

1° What was Versailles Treaty?

WW1 Overview Powerpoint:

End of WW1

Useful site with a further video looking at the Versailles Peace Treaty:

“Crime of the Century”/What are some of the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles that angered Germans?


WW1 Reading and Quiz Assignments

As we move towards the end of this theme and prepare for the first Theme of History in T°OIB it is vitally important your carefully read and think about the ideas raised on pages 456-469 (which constitute two sections) from The American Republic textbook, chapter 14 below.

Once you have read each of these chapters please complete the two Google docs quizzes to show your understanding.

American Rep chap14

The American Republic chapter  14 is also available online here:


There are two Google Quizzes to complete.