Today more than half of the world’s population live in a city.
- World’s largest cities:
2) What is urban sprawl?
3) Location of Nairobi, Kenya:
4) Facts about the largest shanty town in Nairobi: Kibera (from https://www.kibera.org.uk/#)
There are approximatly 2.5 million slum dwellers in about 200 settlements in Nairobi representing 60% of the Nairobi population and occupying just 6% of the land. Kibera houses about 250,000 of these people. Kibera is the biggest slum in Africa and one of the biggest in the world.
The average size of shack in this area is 12ft x 12ft built with mud walls, a corrugated tin roof with a dirt or concrete floor. The cost is about KES 700 per Month (£6). These shacks often house up to 8 or more with many sleeping on the floor.
Only about 20% of Kibera has electricity.
Until recently Kibera had no water and it had to be collected from the Nairobi dam. The dam water is not clean and causes typhoid and cholera. Now there are two mains water pipes into Kibera, one from the municipal council and one from the World Bank
In most of Kibera there are no toilet facilities. One latrine (hole in the ground) is shared by up to 50 shacks.
Kibera is near the industrial area of Nairobi where up to 50% of the available workforce are employed (usually in fairly unskilled jobs). However, there is still an unemployment rate of 50%
5) Life in a shanty town, Nairobi:
What is a shanty town? (example from Mumbai)