History Theme 3: Economic, Political and Social Challenges (1950-1991)

Chapter 1: International Economic and Geopolitical Challenges (please go to Google Drive for all resources)

On an international scale, this chapter deals with the economic and geopolitical challenges within the context of the end of the post-war economic boom beginning in the early 1970s.

These developments coincide with major political and economic transformations: the Iranian Revolution with a focus on the rise of different forms of political Islam and their impact, (including briefly the events of 9/11), the Reagan Revolution, Deng Xiaoping’s socialist market economy, the collapse of the Soviet Union confronted by pro-democracy movements, and developments in the European project with the transition from the EEC to the EU and the origin of the Maastricht Treaty (1992).

The Single European Act of 1986 was a Cold War project for European integration that set the stage for the deeper union envisioned by the architects of the EU at Maastricht for organizing Europe in the aftermath of the cold war.

In addition, topics dealt with here link to other chapters in the program, including China’s emergence as an international power, the Middle East and international politics, and the New Deal and its legacy.

Oil and Political Islam: Regional and Global Challenges 1973-1991

PowerPoint for this part of the chapter:

Oil and Polit Islam

Short video about the Nixon shock to the US economy in 1971 which led to the end of the Bretton Woods System established at the end of WW2:

Explanation of the 1973 oil crisis which brought an end to the 30 Glorious Year of economic growth between 1944 and 1974:

The Impact of the 1979 Iranian Revolution:

Deng and Reagan: New Economic Directions, 1978-88

Ronald Reagan and Deng Xiaoping (plus Europe) are three models for addressing the economic challenges of the era, and particularly the economic decline and the rapid increase in globalization. China’s new economic approach underpins and accelerates China’s globalization ambitions in the 1980s and beyond. A study of Reagan’s efforts to dismantle the New Deal legacy is also an integral part of understanding the rise of conservatism dealt with in chapter two of this theme.

Overview PowerPoint for this part of the chapter:

Reagan and Deng Xiaoping

Link to article about the impact of Reagan on the USA:

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1987/01/the-new-shape-of-american-politics/303363/

Link to article about the reforms made to China:

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-12-01/40-years-of-reform-that-transformed-china-into-a-superpower/10573468

 

The Rise of the EU and the Fall of the USSR: A New European Balance of Power, 1970s -1991

The push for further European integration and enlargement and the persistence of cold war dynamics in Europe are parallel and related developments in this period. The transition from the EEC to the EU is also a useful historical reference for Theme 3 in Geography.

Overview PowerPoints about the EU and the end of the Cold War:

EU history Intro

End of Cold War

Video about the key Maastricht Treaty which created the EU and the so-called Three Pillar structure of the EU:

President Reagan’s speech on the Evil Empire:

President Reagan’s speech about tearing down the Berlin Wall:

The Berlin Wall and CheckPoint Charlie:

The end of the USSR:

 

Chapter 2: Domestic Challenges within the USA and France from the 1950s to 2001

This chapter explores the political, social and cultural transformations in France and the United States during a period characterized by significant reforms and new political debate and divisions over social issues. The focus is on social history – African American civil rights, the rise of feminism and the changing role and status of women, Gay Rights, and the continuing struggle for a more equal society. These social issues emerge in the context of the rise of conservatism and its backlash to the counterculture society in the United States starting in the 1960s through to the 1990s. An additional perspective is the impact of the war in Vietnam, which is essential to understanding divisions and change in American society.

PILLAR ONE: THE USA

USA AND FRANCE PILLAR ONE ACTIVITIES

Vietnam War impact on American society and politics.

The intersection of the anti-war protest movement, the emergence of a youth counterculture and evolution of the Black Civil Rights movement.

PowerPoint about the Media and Vietnam:

How_did_the_coverage_of_the_Vietnam_War_in_the_USA_lead_to_demands_for_peace

An older but still useful information sheet on why the USA got involved with Vietnam:

Why did the USA get involved worksheet

Civil Rights Movement(s).

Goals, methods, successes and resistance, violence, with emphasis on Black Civil Rights.

Overview PowerPoint for this topic:

Black Civil Rights Overviewa

 

Rise and evolution of conservatism.

The backlash to the promotion of a liberal social agenda (Johnson’s Great Society) in conjunction with civil rights legislation and radical protests of the 1960s and early 1970s (Could include Goldwater’s campaign, John Birch Society, Nixon’s Southern strategy, politicization of the religious right, organized anti-abortion, anti-ERA efforts).

PowerPoint about the election of JFK his ideas about the NEW FRONTIER and then LBJ and the GREAT SOCIETY initiative:

New FrontierGreat Society

Overview PowerPoint about the rise of Conservatism in the late 1960s:

Rise of Conservatism Goldwater and Nixon

 

PILLAR TWO: THE USA AND FRANCE

For these topics please go to the HISTORY THEME 3 CHAPTER 2 google drive folder:

1968 counterculture

Feminism and women’s rights

LGBTQ Rights

Pillar Two Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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