The Cold War was an ongoing political rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies that developed after World War II due to the profound ideological differences between these two superpowers.
The USA and its allies, usually described as the WEST were capitalist democracies whereas the USSR was a communist dictatorship.
DO NOT FORGET TO USE YOUR BRITANNICA SCHOOL ACCOUNT TO RESEARCH EXTRA INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLD WAR, NATO, BERLIN, the IRON CURTAIN, COMMUNISM, CAPITALISM etc.
Key DNL Vocabaulary
Bipolar world: describes how the world was divided between two blocs.
Capitalism: system of government in which there are multiple political parties and private ownership is permitted so people can run businesses in order to make a profit
Communism: system of government in which there is only one political party and the government controls the means of production, individuals are not allowed to operate businesses or make a profit
Iron Curtain: name used from 1946 to describe the closed border between Communist controlled Eastern Europe and Western Europe. From 1961-1989, the Berlin Wall became the most famous embodiment of the Iron Curtain.
Introduction PowerPoint which explains the main concepts:
History chapter handout:
Short explanation of the COLD WAR (4mins) including concepts such as the IRON CURTAIN and TRUMAN DOCTRINE.
If you’re feeling brave, here is a more detailed look (45mins) at the start of the Cold War:
Using the PowerPoint, Chapter 6 handout, the first 4 min video above, and Britannica School write your own (this means you do not copy out chunks of text) responses to these questions:
- What was the Iron Curtain and where was it located?
- Which countries lay behind the Iron Curtain to the East?
- Explain what is the difference between communism and capitalism?
- What was the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan?
- What happened to Germany and the city of Berlin in the late 1940s?
- Explain in a paragraph of 10 -12 lines why the Cold War began after the end of WW2.
Tuesday 16th March Lesson:
Berlin – a place in the Cold War
Take careful notes from this PowerPoint to learn about Berlin and two important Cold War events, the Berlin Blockade of 1948-49 and the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961:
A 10 minute video about the Air Lift:
Tuesday 23rd March Lesson:
The Cuban Missile Crisis
The crisis explained in three 11 minute videos:
Text and quiz activity: