T° Geography Theme 2: Territorial Dynamics, Cooperation and Tensions in Globalization

Link to introduction and overview video for chapter 1 and chapter 2 (USA):

Work to complete at school during week beginning 15th February and for two week holiday:


This theme studies how contemporary globalization leads to the assertion or confirmation of existing powerful actors and the emergence of new ones. Territories, regardless of the scale considered (states, infra- and supra-state regions, or metropolises) have unequal access to globalization. The effects of distance and trade barriers (protectionism), which limit international trade (and globalization) will be studied in addition to a country study of the USA: The United States, a country in globalization: unequal integration of territories, tensions and international cooperation and France: differentiated international influence and unequal attractiveness in globalization.

Key Questions

  1. General Question: Why are different territories unequally integrated into globalization?
  2. General Question: Analyze cooperation, tensions, and regulations at the global, regional, and local scales.
  3. In what ways are (U.S.) territories unequally integrated into globalization?
  4. How does cooperation among actors affect globalization?
  5. What trade-related tensions surround globalization (at global, regional, local levels)?
  6. To what extent do regulations influence globalization?
  7. France – To what extent is France a global power? To what extent does it attract or miss out on global flows?

Learning Objectives

Identify the various actors involved in processes of globalization.

Understand how globalization leads to shifts among actors and the emergence of new actors (e.g., countries or TNCs).

Analyze the consequences of globalization on the U.S. at local, regional, and global scales.

Evaluate the European Union’s interactions on continental and global scales

Apply a multi-scale (global-regional-local) analysis to globalization processes.

Evaluate territories at different scales to recognize that they do not all benefit from equal access to globalization.

Analyze the impact and integration of France in globalization.

Watch these videos which will help you to understand the DNL vocabulary in the chapter 1 booklet:

Understanding the role of the IMF and the World Bank:


Watch the first 1m of this video for an explanation of FDI:


Short video about TNCs:


Useful links for learning more about concepts in chapter 1 :

1. World Trade Organization (WTO) And Its Role in Globalization: An Analysis:


2. New York is the most influential city of today, but it’s only the second most important city of the future:


Theme 2 – Chapter 1 and PowerPoints to help understand the three case studies:


Theme 2 Chapter 1 Booklet with exercises:


Geography Theme 2 Main Chp


PowerPoint for the Caribbean Case Study:

Caribbean Case Study


PowerPoint for the Case Study of Russia:

Russia Integration case study


PowerPoint for the Latin America Case Study:

Latin America

Link to article + video on the Belt and Road initiative and South America:

Chinese construction firms to play key role in Argentina-Chile tunnel project:



Additional Map Resources for this theme (please study these):

Cooperations and Tensions AMQ

Unequal Territorial Integration into Globalization


Work to complete from Wednesday 10th March to submit by Wednesday 24th March:

In depth Case Study:

The United States, a country in globalization: unequal integration of territories, tensions and international cooperation

Key Question:In what ways are (U.S.) territories unequally integrated into globalization?

Learning Objective:Analyze the consequences of globalization on the U.S. at local, regional, and global scales.


This case study examines how the territories of the US are not homogenous in terms of their integration into globalization. At a local scale this includes how localities, such as Detroit, are seen as not having benefited from globalization whilst others, such as NYC, are extremely well integrated into the wider global economy. It also approaches this issue at a regional scale in terms of the relative integration of the Rust Belt compared with the Sun Belt and concludes with a survey of the USMCA as an example of international cooperation.

Introductory video on US Geography:

Use this PowerPoint to learn about the US and globalization – it covers all major topics in the Chapter:

USA Case Study Intro

This is the accompanying chapter for the PowerPoint:

US Case Study Chapter

These are the map and legend (to be completed) in preparation for a possible DBQ exam exercise:

US Case Study Map

US Case Study Map Legend

This is the booklet of exercises to complete (use the PPT, videos and Case Study Chapter):

US Case Study Worksheet booklet


Videos to use with the workbook exercises:


Why the Sun Belt keeps growing Video:

North Carolina Research Park video (in Sun Belt):

Spaceport, New Mexico Video (in Sun Belt):

Rust Belt Video:


Cleveland and Detroit Compared (both in Rust Belt):


The Northeast Megalopolis (partly in Rust Belt – links to 1°OIB Geog Theme 1)



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