History Theme 3: France and the US – Politics and Society to 1914

This theme compares the social and economic transformations of French and American societies in the late 19th – early 20th centuries. In France, the First Republic (1792-1804) and the Second Republic (1848-1852) were both replaced by imperialist and authoritarian regimes. However, following the collapse of the Second Empire (under Louis Napoleon), the Third Republic (1870-1914) survived for decades and constructed a nation around the republic ideal. The theme concludes with a study the development of French and American imperialism.

Learning Objectives

  • Analyze the main advances in production methods.
  • Evaluate the social and economic impact of industrialization.
  • Analyze the ideology of American expansionism
  • Analyze the causes and consequences of the Spanish-American War and Philippine Rebellion

Key Questions

  • What were the major consequences of industrialization?
  • How important was the impact of immigration?
  • How did women’s workforce and social roles evolve?
  • What were the economic, political, ideological, and military motivations behind American imperialism?
  • What were the consequences of Westward expansion to the Pacific?
  • Why and how did the US acquire an overseas empire at the end of the 19th century?
  • How did American imperial ambitions compare with European Imperialism in the broader global context?

1°OIB His Th3 Introa

 CHAPTER 7 : Consolidating the Republican regime, its Values and Defining Citizenship

Points de passage:

  • 1871 – Louise Michel during the Paris Commune
  • 1885 – The national funeral of Victor Hugo
  • 1905 – The Law of Separation of Churches from the State: debates & implementation.

Louise Michel

The National Funeral of Victor Hugoa

1905 Law of Separationa

Main PowerPoint for this chapter:

Hist Chp6 Overview

Additional video resource (3m) about the Paris Commune:

Follow this link for a short review (4mins) of secularism or the separation between Church and State in France:


Classwork / Homework from February 15th through the holiday: complete all the exercises about French Industrialization I distributed recently – exercises are here:  Theme 3 Fr Indust Activity



Chapter 8: Continuity and Change in French Society & in the United States 1870-1914

Points de passage:

  • John D. Rockefeller and Standard Oil
  • 1893 Columbian Exposition (Chicago’s World Fair) & 1900 Universal Exposition
  • International Ladies Garment Workers Union & Triangle Shirtwaist Fire (1911)

What were the impacts of industrialization on France Activity:

Theme 3 Fr Indust Activity

Gilded Age Overview PowerPoint:

Hist Ch7 Gilded Age


The 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist fire

Classwork and Homework for the week beginning MONDAY 8TH MARCH to be completed and submitted for week beginning MONDAY 22ND MARCH:

Watch the videos above and check out the PPT before reading SECTION THREE: BIG BUSINESS AND LABOR and complete SECTION THREE ASSESSMENT exercises 1,2,3 and 4 (you did not need to study Sections 1 or 2):

1°OIB US 19th C



Chapter 9: American and French Imperialism

Points de Passage:

  • Manifest Destiny (US) / Civilizing Mission (FR)
  • Dawes Act of 1887 and Wounded Knee 1890
  • Philippine Rebellion 1899

French and European Imperialism:

19th Century FR Imperialism

19th Century French Imperialism worksheet

1° Scramble Africa Article

American Imperialism:



The Rise of American Imperialism worksheet







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