History theme 2 covers the Second Republic and Second Empire in France and then turns its attention to the tensions in the USA between the North and South which led to the Civil War.
The Second Republic becomes the Second Empire
The chapter begins in France – click on the document below for further details:
The following Powerpoint summarizes how the Second Empire can be divided into two phases: the authoritarian Empire from 1852-59 and the the Liberal Empire from 1859 to 1870:
US CIVIL WAR
The next part of the chapter crosses the Atlantic to chart the steps leading up to the Civil War:
The following document provides a good overview of the causes of the conflict:
This document provides a chronology and explores the extent to which slavery was the cause of the civil war:
This Powerpoint covers the bulk of what we study about this troubled period of US history:
Reconstruction after the Civil War
Overview PPT of the Reconstruction, 1865-77:
Crash course episode on Reconstruction:
Chapter about Reconstruction:
Industrialization, Economic and Social Transformations in the US and France, 1800-1870
The final part of THEME 2 looks at the rise of industrialism and how it transformed France and the USA.
- During and after the Civil War the US entered a period of rapid economic growth (boom) due in part to government policies that changed the factors of production in the US.
- These factors include: land (and its natural resources – wood, coal, iron ore), labour, capital, technology and entrepreneurship.
- The National Bank provided capital and regulated lending and western expansion (promoted through government purchases and treaties) opened up a vast resource rich region.
PowerPoint for France:
PowerPoint for the USA:
Document on the Lowell System:
PowerPoint about the Transcontinental Railroad:
Crash course episode: