2° Geography Theme 1 – Managing Resources

Introduction to the global situation:

There’s nothing more essential to life on Earth than water. Yet, from Cape Town to Flint, Michigan, and from rural, sub-Saharan Africa to Asia’s teeming megacities, there’s a global water crisis. People are struggling to access the quantity and quality of water they need for drinking, cooking, bathing, handwashing, and growing their food.

Globally, 844 million people lack access to clean water. Without clean, easily accessible water, families and communities are locked in poverty for generations. Children drop out of school and parents struggle to make a living.

Overview of Water Resources (short video):


DNL Vocabulary

Water scarcity:

This is the lack of fresh water resources to meet the standard water demand. Water scarcity can also be caused by droughts, lack of rainfall, or pollution. This was listed in 2019 by the World Economic Forum as one of the largest global risks in terms of potential impact over the next decade

Link to map showing water scarcity:


Water stress:

This occurs when the demand for water exceeds the available amount during a certain period or when poor quality restricts its use. Water stress causes deterioration of fresh water resources in terms of quantity (aquifer over-exploitation, dry rivers, etc.)

Link to Map to show water stress across the globe:


Water scarcity video:


Managing Water Resources

Water insecurity managing supplies

BBC NEWS ARTICLE about Ethiopia’s Grand Renaissance Dam:


ALJAZEERA ARTICLE about talks between Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia:





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